Henry George Lyons

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For other people named Henry Lyons, see Henry Lyons (disambiguation).

Colonel Sir Henry George Lyons FRS[1] (11 October 1864 – 1944) was a geologist and director of the Science Museum in London.[2] Henry Lyons was born in London, the son of General Thomas Lyons. Lyons was educated at Wellington College and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich and at the age of 18 was elected to the Geological Society. In 1884, he was commissioned a Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers. He was posted to Cairo in 1890. In 1892 he cleared and surveyed several Ancient Egyptian temples at Buhen.

In 1896, he married Helen Hardwick, a daughter of the London architect Philip Charles Hardwick (1822–1892).

In 1920, with the retiring rank of colonel, Lyons became Director of the Science Museum.[3][4] He introduced working models, exhibited new developments such as the aeroplane, cinema, radio, and gramophone. He also contributed the children's gallery.


  1. ^ Dale, H. H. (1944). "Henry George Lyons. 1864-1944". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 4 (13): 795. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1944.0023. 
  2. ^ Dowson, E. M. (1945). "Colonel Sir Henry Lyons, F.R.S". The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology. 31: 98–100. JSTOR 3855389. 
  3. ^ Follett, David, The Rise of the Science Museum under Henry Lyons. London: Science Museum, 1978. ISBN 0-901805-19-X.
  4. ^ "Sir Henry Lyons and the Science Museum". Science. 78 (2028): 429–430. 1933. doi:10.1126/science.78.2028.429. 

External links[edit]

Cultural offices
Preceded by
Sir Francis Grant Ogilvie
Director of the Science Museum
Succeeded by
Colonel E. E. B. Mackintosh