Henry George Raverty
Henry George Raverty (31 May 1825 – 20 October 1906) was a British Indian Army officer and linguist.
He served from 1843 to 1864, rising to the rank of Major in the 3rd Bombay Native Infantry.
Raverty fought in the Punjab campaign of 1849–1850 and Swat campaign of 1850. He compiled a gazetteer of Peshawar. While serving in Peshawar he was taught Pashto by the scholar Qazi Abdur Rahman Khan Muhammadzai (1827-1899) and Mirza Muhammad Ismail (1813-1912) and he began to study Afghan poetry.
On retirement from the army, he returned to England and continued his oriental studies, culminating in his vast Notes on Afghanistan and part of Baluchistan and his unpublished History of Herat. He in 1905-1906 also compiled another dictionary of Pashto which was unpublished, copies were gifted to the notable families of Pashtunkhwa. He died at Grampound Road, Cornwall, England in 1906.
- A Grammar of the Pukhto, Pushto or Language of the Afghans (1855; 2nd edition 1860; 3rd edition, 1867)
- Thesaurus of English and Hindūstānī Technical Terms (1859)
- A Dictionary of the Puk'hto, Pushto, or Language of the Afghans (1860; 2nd edition, 1867)
- Selections from the Poetry of the Afghāns, from the Sixteenth to the Nineteenth Century (1862)
- The Gulshan-i-roh : being selections, prose and poetical, in the Pus'hto, or Afghān language (1867)
- The Fables of Aesop al-Hakīm (1871)
- A Pushto Manual (1880)
- The Tabakat-i-Nasiri of Minhaj-i-Saraj, Abu-Umar-i-Usman: A general history of the Muhammadan dynasties of Asia, including Hindustan from A. H. 194 (810 A. D.) to A. H. 658 (1260 A. D.), and the irruption of the infidel Mughals into Islam (1881) (translation from the Persian)
- Notes on Afghanistan and part of Baluchistan (1881–1888, Pakistani edition 1978)
- Concise Dictionary of National Biography
- Sindh jo Mehran (in Sindhi language), published by the Sindhi Language Authority, Hyderabad, Sindh.
- Jones, Schuyler. "Raverty, Henry George (1825–1906)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35686. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "Muhammad Ismail, Qandahari". Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- Articles: Thinking like a Pathan – Dawn Pakistan
- Mirza Muhammad Ismail Teacher of Raverty, Mirza Muhammad Ismail
- The Pathans – Classic Works & Reading
- Selections from the Poetry of the Afghāns, from the Sixteenth to the Nineteenth Century, 1869 (full text)
- A dictionary of the Puk'hto, Pus'hto, or language of the Afghans: with remarks on the originality of the language, and its affinity to other oriental tongues. Second edition, with considerable additions. London: Williams and Norgate, 1867 (as digital dictionary).
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