Henry Armand Giroux
September 18, 1943
|Thesis||Themes in Modern European History (1977)|
|School or tradition|
Henry Armand Giroux (born 1943) is an American-Canadian scholar and cultural critic. One of the founding theorists of critical pedagogy in the United States, he is best known for his pioneering work in public pedagogy, cultural studies, youth studies, higher education, media studies, and critical theory. In 2002 Routledge named Giroux as one of the top fifty educational thinkers of the modern period.
A high-school social studies teacher in Barrington, Rhode Island, for six years, Giroux has held positions at Boston University, Miami University, and Pennsylvania State University. In 2004, Giroux began serving as the Global TV Network Chair in Communication at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario.
Early life and education
Henry Giroux was born on September 18, 1943, in Providence, Rhode Island, the son of Alice (Waldron) and Armand Giroux. Giroux completed a Master of Arts degree in history at Appalachian State University in 1968. After teaching high-school social studies in Barrington, Rhode Island, for six years, Giroux earned a Doctor of Arts degree in history at Carnegie Mellon University in 1977.
Giroux's first position as a professor was in education at Boston University, which he held for the next six years until he was controversially denied tenure by John Silber, the conservative president of the university. Following that, he became an education professor and scholar in residence at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. While there he also served as the founding Director of the Center for Education and Cultural Studies.
In 1992, he began a 12-year position in the Waterbury Chair Professorship at Pennsylvania State University, also serving as the Director of the Waterbury Forum in Education and Cultural Studies. In 2004 Giroux became the Global Television Network Chair in Communication at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. In July 2014, he was named to the McMaster University Chair for Scholarship in the Public Interest. He is the Director of the McMaster Centre for Research in the Public Interest. He lives in Hamilton, Ontario, where he currently is a chaired professor for Scholarship in the Public Interest at McMaster University. He is married to Ourania Filippakou.
Giroux's writing has won many awards, and he has written for a range of public and scholarly sources. He has written more than 70 books; published more than 500 papers; and published hundreds of chapters in others' books, articles in magazines, and more.
While at Miami University, Giroux was named as a Distinguished Scholar. For 1987–1988 he won the Visiting Distinguished Professor Award at the University of Missouri–Kansas City. Between 1992 and 2004, he held the Waterbury Chair Professorship at Penn State University. In 1995, he was awarded the Visiting Asa Knowles Chair Professorship by Northeastern University and he won a Tokyo Metropolitan University Fellowship for Research.
In 1998, Giroux was selected to the Laureate chapter of Kappa Delta Phi. in 1998 and 1999, he was awarded a Distinguished Visiting Lectureship in art education at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. For May–June 2000 he was the winner of a Getty Research Institute Visiting Scholar Award. In 2001, he was selected as a Hooker Distinguished Visiting Professor at McMaster University.
In 2002 Giroux was named as one of the top fifty educational thinkers of the modern period in Fifty Modern Thinkers on Education: From Piaget to the Present as part of Routledge's "Key Guides Publication Series". In 2001 he won the James L. Kinneavy Award for the most outstanding article published in JAC in 2001, which was presented by the Association of Teachers of Advanced Composition at the Conference on College Composition and Communication held in Chicago in March 2002. For 2002 he was named by Oxford University to deliver the Herbert Spencer Lecture.
The University in Chains was named by the American Educational Studies Association as the recipient of the AESA Critics' Book Choice Award for 2008. He was named by the Toronto Star in 2012 as one of the top 12 Canadians Changing the Way We Think. Education and the Crisis of Public Values: Challenging the Assault on Teachers, Students, & Public Education was awarded a CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title and has received the Annual O. L. Davis, Jr. Outstanding Book Award from the AATC (American Association for Teaching and Curriculum) and the AESA (American Educational Studies Association) Critics Choice Award 2012.
In 2015 he was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters degree from Chapman University in California. He is a winner of a Lifetime Achievement Award granted by the AERA. In 2015 he won two other major awards from Chapman University: the "Changing the World Award" and "The Paulo Freire Democratic Project Social Justice Award." Also during 2015, Giroux was honored with a Distinguished Alumni Award from Appalachian State University. In 2017 he was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of the West of Scotland. In 2019 he received an AERA Fellows Award and the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication's Professional Freedom and Responsibility Award. In 2021 he received a Doctor Honoris Causa from the Center for Latin American Studies in Education Inclusive (CELEI).
Giroux's work remains foundational in a range of fields. He is the first to use the phrase critical pedagogy, according to Curry Malott, and helped inaugurate the "critical turn in education". In Leaders in Critical Pedagogy, he's identified as one of the "first wave" of critical pedagogues.
As of 2021 Giroux had published more than 70 books, 200 chapters, and 500 articles and was published widely throughout education and cultural studies literature.
- 1981: Ideology, Culture and the Process of Schooling, Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press
- 1981: Curriculum & Instruction: Alternatives in Education. Berkeley: McCutchan (co-edited with Anthony Penna and William Pinar)
- 1983: Theory and Resistance in Education, Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey Press (Introduction by Paulo Freire)
- 1983: The Hidden Curriculum and Moral Education: Deception or Discovery?, Berkeley, CA: McCutchan (co-edited with David E. Purpel)
- 1985: Education Under Siege: The Conservative, Liberal, and Radical Debate Over Schooling, Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey Press(co-authored with Stanley Aronowitz)
- 1988: Schooling and the Struggle for Public Life, Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press
- 1988: Teachers as Intellectuals: Toward a Critical Pedagogy of Learning (Introduction by Paulo Freire & Foreword by Peter McLaren). Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey Press. ISBN 9780897891561
- 1989: Popular Culture, Schooling, & Everyday Life. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey (co-edited with Roger Simon).
- 1989: Critical Pedagogy, The State, and the Struggle for Culture. Albany: State University of New York Press (co-edited with Peter McLaren).
- 1991: Postmodern Education: Politics, Culture, and Social Criticism, Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press (co-authored with Stanley Aronowitz)
- 1992: Border Crossings: Cultural Workers and the Politics of Education, New York: Routledge
- 1993: Between Borders: Pedagogy and the Politics of Cultural Studies New York: Routledge (co-edited with Peter McLaren)
- 1993: Living Dangerously: Multiculturalism and the Politics of Difference, New York: Peter Lang
- 1994: Disturbing Pleasures: Learning Popular Culture, New York: Routledge
- 1996: Fugitive Cultures: Race, Violence, and Youth, New York: Routledge
- 1996: Counternarratives: Cultural Studies and Critical Pedagogies in Postmodern Spaces, New York: Routledge (co-authored with Peter McLaren, Colin Lankshear, and Mike Cole)
- 1997: Pedagogy and the Politics of Hope: Theory, Culture, and Schooling, A Critical Reader, Boulder, CO: Westview Press
- 1998: Channel Surfing: Racism, the Media, and the Destruction of Today's Youth, New York: St. Martin's Press
- 1999: The Mouse that Roared: Disney and the End of Innocence, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 9781442201439
- 2000: Impure Acts: The Practical Politics of Cultural Studies, New York: Routledge
- 2000: Stealing Innocence: Corporate Culture's War on Children, London: Palgrave Macmillan
- 2002: Breaking In to the Movies: Film and the Culture of Politics, Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers
- 2002: Public Spaces/Private Lives: Democracy Beyond 9/11, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
- 2004: The Abandoned Generation: Democracy Beyond the Culture of Fear, London: Palgrave Macmillan
- 2004: Take Back Higher Education, London: Palgrave Macmillan (co-authored with Susan Searls Giroux)
- 2004: Terror of Neoliberalism: Authoritarianism and the Eclipse of Democracy, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers
- 2005: Against the New Authoritarianism: Politics after Abu Ghraib, Winnipeg, MAN: Arbeiter Ring Publishing / Oakland, CA: AK Press
- 2006: Beyond the Spectacle of Terrorism: Global Uncertainty and the Challenge of the New Media, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers
- 2006: America on the Edge: Henry Giroux on Politics, Education, and Culture, London: Palgrave Macmillan
- 2006: The Giroux Reader, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers (edited by Christopher Robbins)
- 2006: Stormy Weather: Katrina and the Politics of Disposability, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers
- 2007: The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers
- 2008: Against the Terror of Neoliberalism: Beyond the Politics of Greed, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers
- 2009: Youth in a Suspect Society: Democracy or Disposability?, London: Palgrave Macmillan
- 2010: Politics Beyond Hope: Obama and the Crisis of Youth, Race, and Democracy, (2010) Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers
- 2010: The Mouse that Roared: Disney and the End of Innocence, 2nd Edition. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers (co-authored with Grace Pollock)
- 2010: Hearts of Darkness: Torturing Children in the War on Terror, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers
- 2011: Zombie Politics in the Age of Casino Capitalism, New York: Peter Lang
- 2011: Education and the Public Sphere: Ideas of Radical Pedagogy, Cracow, Poland: Impuls (co-authored with Lech Witkowski)
- 2011: On Critical Pedagogy, New York: Bloomsbury Academic. ISBN 978-1441116222
- 2011: Education and the Crisis of Public Values: Challenging the Assault on Teachers, Students, & Public Education. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9781433112164
- 2012: Disposable Youth: Racialized Memories, and the Culture of Cruelty, New York: Routledge
- 2012: Twilight of the Social: Resurgent Publics in the Age of Disposability, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers
- 2013: Youth in Revolt: Reclaiming a Democratic Future, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers
- 2013: America's Education Deficit and the War on Youth, New York: Monthly Review Press
- 2013: Neoliberalism, Education, Terrorism: Contemporary Dialogues, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers (co-authored with Jeffrey DiLeo, Sophia McClennen, and Kenneth Saltman)
- 2013: Public Intellectuals Against the Neoliberal University, philosophersforchange.org link
- 2014: Neoliberalism's War on Higher Education, Chicago, IL: Haymarket Books / Toronto, ON: Between the Lines Books. ISBN 9781608463343 (Haymarket Books); ISBN 9781771131124 (Between the Lines Books)
- 2014: The Violence of Organized Forgetting: Thinking Beyond America's Disimagination Machine, City Lights Publishers. ISBN 9780872866195
- 2015: Disposable Futures: The Seduction of Violence in the Age of Spectacle, City Lights Publishers. ISBN 9780872866584 (co-authored with Brad Evans)
- 2015: Dangerous Thinking in the Age of the New Authoritarianism, Routledge Publishers. ISBN 9781612058641
- 2016: America's Addiction to Terrorism, Monthly Review Press ISBN 9781583675700
- 2017: America at War with Itself, City Lights Publishers. ISBN 9780872867321
- 2018: The Public in Peril: Trump and the Menace of American Authoritarianism, Routledge. ISBN 9781138719033
- 2018: American Nightmare: The Challenge of U.S. Authoritarianism, City Lights Publishers. ISBN 9780872867536
- 2018: "Pedagogia Critica para Tiempos Dificiles," Madrid, Spain: Mapas Colectivos
- 2019: The Terror of the Unforeseen, Los Angeles Review of Books
- 2019: The New Henry Giroux Reader: The Role of the Public Intellectual in a Time of Tyranny, Myers Education Press ISBN 9781975500757
- 2020: Neoliberalism's War on Higher Education, 2nd ed., Haymarket Books ISBN 9781642590371, 9781642591842
- 2020: On Critical Pedagogy, 2nd ed., Bloomsbury Academic ISBN 9781350144996
- 2021: Race, Politics, and Pandemic Pedagogy: Education in a Time of Crisis, Bloomsbury Academic ISBN 9781350184442
- 2022: "Pedagogy of Resistance: Against Manufactured Ignorance", Bloomsbury Academic ISBN 9781350269507
- Ruby 2014, p. 147.
- Hudson, Mark (November–December 1999). "Education for Change: Henry Giroux and Transformative Critical Pedagogy". Against the Current. 2. No. 83. Retrieved February 24, 2022 – via Marxist Internet Archive.
- Slott 2005, p. 304.
- Langan 2014, p. 191.
- Besley 2012, p. 594.
- Figueiredo & Siqueira 2020, p. 3; Pruyn 2018.
- Besley 2012, p. 594; Peters 2012, p. 696; Weiner 2001, p. 437.
- Besley 2012, p. 594; Peters 2012, p. 696.
- Reitz, Charles; Spartan, Stephen (2011). Critical Work and Radical Pedagogy: Recalling Herbert Marcuse. p. 25. Cited in Smith 2015, p. 261.
- Slott 2005, p. 301.
- Pinar et al. 2008, p. 307.
- Morrison 2001, p. 280.
- H. Giroux, "The Kids Aren't Alright: Youth Pedagogy and Cultural Studies" in Fugitive Cultures.  Archived May 15, 2018, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 21/09/08.
- "Giroux, Henry A(rmand) 1943–" 2006, p. 149.
- "Henry Giroux". Archived from the original on March 8, 2015. Retrieved 2015-03-22.
- Provenzo, Eugene F., Jr. "A Working-Class Intellectual Writes of His Discomfort". Retrieved November 23, 2022.
- Provenzo, Eugene F., Jr. "Henry Giroux". Contemporary Educational Thought. University of Miami. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
- "Henry A. Giroux". Critical Voices. Dublin: Arts Council. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
- "McMaster Attracts Widely Acclaimed U.S. Scholar Henry Giroux". Hamilton, Ontario: McMaster University. May 27, 2004. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
- Buac, Jenny (June 21, 2004). "McMaster University Snags Famous Theory Professor". e.Peak. Burnaby, British Columbia. Canadian University Press. Archived from the original on June 25, 2007. Retrieved August 6, 2007.
- Fogg, Piper (May 28, 2004). "McMaster U. Woos Education Scholar with Job for His Wife". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Washington. p. A8.
- Ward, Olivia (January 27, 2012). "12 Canadians Changing the Way We Think". Toronto Star.
- "Review of Education, Pedagogy and Cultural Studies". Taylor and Francis. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved July 21, 2007.
- Giroux 2019.
- Malott 2016.
- Gottesman 2016.
- Porfilio & Ford 2015, p. xvii.
- Lather 1988.
- Ellsworth 1989.
- Jennings & Lynn 2005.
- Dr. Henry A. Giroux Archived May 14, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Personal website. Retrieved 5/30/16.
- Backer, David I. (2021). "History of the Reproduction–Resistance Dichotomy in Critical Education: The Line of Critique Against Louis Althusser, 1974–1985". Critical Education. 12 (6): 1–21. ISSN 1920-4175. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
- Besley, Tina (2012). "Why Read Giroux?". Policy Futures in Education. 10 (6): 594–600. doi:10.2304/pfie.2012.10.6.594. ISSN 1478-2103.
- Ellsworth, Elizabeth (1989). "Why Doesn't This Feel Empowering? Working Through the Repressive Myths of Critical Pedagogy" (PDF). Harvard Educational Review. 59 (3): 297–324. doi:10.17763/haer.59.3.058342114k266250. ISSN 1943-5045. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
- Figueiredo, Gustavo de Oliveira; Siqueira, Vera Helena Ferraz de (2020). "Democracy Is on Exile: Facing the Challenge of Neoliberal Authoritarianism; An Interview with Professor Henry Giroux". Revista Brasileira de Educação. 25. doi:10.1590/S1413-24782020250032. ISSN 1809-449X.
- Ford, Derek R. (2016). Communist Study: Education for the Commons. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books. ISBN 978-1-4985-3245-7.
- Giroux, Henry (2019). Sandlin, Jennifer A.; Burdick, Jake (eds.). The New Henry Giroux Reader: The Role of the Public Intellectual in a Time of Tyranny. Gorham, Maine: Myers Education Press. ISBN 978-1-9755-0076-4.
- "Giroux, Henry A(rmand) 1943–". Contemporary Authors, New Revision Series. Vol. 141. Detroit, Michigan: Gale. 2006. pp. 149–152. ISSN 0275-7176. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
- Gottesman, Isaac (2016). The Critical Turn in Education: From Marxist Critique to Poststructuralist Feminism to Critical Theories of Race. New York: Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781315769967. ISBN 978-1-317-67095-7.
- Jennings, Michael E.; Lynn, Marvin (2005). "The House That Race Built: Critical Pedagogy, African-American Education, and the Re-conceptualization of a Critical Race Pedagogy". Educational Foundations. 19 (3–4): 15–32. ISSN 1047-8248. ERIC EJ739913.
- Langan, Elise (2014). "Education, Culture, and Society: Selected Works of Henry A. Giroux". Journal of Educational Thought. 47 (3): 190–203. doi:10.11575/jet.v47i3.52177. ISSN 2561-7990. JSTOR 43932840.
- Lather, Patti (1988). "Feminist Perspectives on Empowering Research Methodologies". Women's Studies International Forum. 11 (6): 569–581. doi:10.1016/0277-5395(88)90110-0. ISSN 0277-5395.
- Malott, Curry Stephenson (2016). History and Education: Engaging the Global Class War. Education and Struggle: Narrative, Dialogue and the Political Production of Meaning. Vol. 9. New York: Peter Lang. ISBN 978-1-4331-3399-2.
- Morrison, Keith (2001). "Henry Giroux, 1943–". In Palmer, Joy A. (ed.). Fifty Modern Thinkers on Education: From Piaget to the Present Day. Abingdon, England: Routledge. pp. 280–285. doi:10.4324/9780203464694. ISBN 978-0-203-46469-4.
- Peters, Michael A. (2012). "Henry Giroux on Democracy Unsettled: From Critical Pedagogy to the War on Youth – an Interview". Policy Futures in Education. 10 (6): 688–699. doi:10.2304/pfie.2012.10.6.688. ISSN 1478-2103. S2CID 142482030.
- Pinar, William F.; Reynolds, William M.; Slattery, Patrick; Taubman, Peter M. (2008). Understanding Curriculum: An Introduction to the Study of Historical and Contemporary Curriculum Discourses. Counterpoints. Vol. 17. New York: Peter Lang. ISBN 978-0-8204-2601-3. ISSN 1058-1634.
- Porfilio, Brad J.; Ford, Derek R. (2015). Leaders in Critical Pedagogy: Narratives for Understanding and Solidarity. Rotterdam, Netherlands: Sense Publishers. doi:10.1007/978-94-6300-166-3. ISBN 978-94-6300-166-3.
- Pruyn, Marc (2018) . Discourse Wars in Gotham-West: A Latino Immigrant Urban Tale of Resistance & Agency. New York: Routledge. doi:10.4324/9780429048357. ISBN 978-0-429-04835-7. S2CID 141226461.
- Ruby, Mary, ed. (2014). "Giroux, Henry A. 1943–". Contemporary Authors, New Revision Series. Vol. 257. Farmington Hills, Michigan: Gale. pp. 147–151. ISBN 978-1-4144-9746-4. ISSN 0275-7176.
- Slott, Michael (2005). "An Alternative to Critical Postmodernist Antifoundationalism". Rethinking Marxism. 17 (2): 301–318. doi:10.1080/08935690500046942. ISSN 1475-8059. S2CID 143561859.
- Smith, Clancy (2015). Critical Pragmatism: Peirce and Marcuse on the Socio-political Influences on Human Development in Advanced Industrial Societies (PhD dissertation). Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Duquesne University. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
- Weiner, Eric (2001). "Making the Pedagogical (Re)Turn: Henry Giroux's Insurgent Cultural Pedagogy". JAC. 21 (2): 434–451. ISSN 2162-528X. JSTOR 20866412.
- Henry Giroux's Website
- Reading list at The Freechild Project website
- Biographical details
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- "Elaborates on Deep State in parallel article with Jim Palombo's on same subject Ragazine.CC"
- Truthout Interviews Henry A. Giroux on Neoliberalism
- The Scourge of Neoliberalism w/ Henry Giroux (Interview on RT)
- Henry A. Giroux on Trump's Cabinet, the Church of Neoliberal Evangelicals. Truthout. January 2, 2017. (video interview)