Henry Grey, 1st Baron Grey of Groby

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Arms of Grey: Barry of six argent and azure in chief three torteaux

Henry Grey, 1st Lord Grey of Groby (1547 – 26 July 1614) was an English courtier, administrator and local politician.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

He was the only surviving son of Lord John Grey, son of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset, and Mary Browne, daughter of Sir Anthony Browne and his first wife, Alice Gage.[3][4] It is believed he was educated at Christ Church, Oxford, where a Henry Grey graduated first with a Bachelor of Arts on 1 February 1565, followed by a Master of Arts on 18 June 1568. He was knighted on 11 November 1587.[1][5]

Career[edit]

Grey's main ambition was to re-establish his family's position in Leicestershire lost by his father's attainder. Henry succeeded to his father's estate at Pirgo near Havering Essex when aged 17. Five years later he was appointed one of the Queen's Gentlemen Pensioners and was lieutenant of the band — head personal bodyguard — from 1589 to 1603. He attended on the Queen six months of each year. Otherwise based 20 miles away at Pirgo in Essex he filled many local and county duties, was appointed deputy lieutenant of the county from 1586-1590 and was elected knight of the shire (MP) for the county of Essex in 1589.[5] He was made Master of the Buckhounds in 1596.[1]

He had been put on the commission of the peace for Essex about 1569 and in 1600 was described as the county's senior justice. His efforts for Queen and county were recognised and the completion of his court duties noted when another cousin, James I, four days before his coronation, raised him to the peerage on 21 July 1603 as Baron Grey of Groby, Leicestershire.[2]

By this time, 1603, he had managed to reacquire most of his family's estates lost by his father's attainder. Those in Leicestershire centred on Bradgate House in its manor of Groby, a few miles from Leicester. As the new Lord Grey of Groby, aged 58, he took up residence at Bradgate and devoted most of his energies to strengthening his family's position in the County. This included reviving the feud and intense competition between the Greys and the Hastings earls of Huntingdon which had enlivened and divided Leicestershire for much of the early sixteenth century.[1]

Private life[edit]

Grey married Anne (1542–1613/14), daughter of William, 2nd Lord Windsor of Bradenham, Buckinghamshire.

Henry and Anne had four sons and two daughters including:

  • Sir John Grey, who married Elizabeth Nevill, died suddenly, in October 1611 in his father's lifetime. Their son became the first Earl of Stamford.
  • Henry Grey, 'slain in Holland'
  • Ambrose Grey, father of Mary, Lady Wrottesley, wife of Sir Walter Wrottesley, 1st Baronet[6]
  • George Grey, who left no surviving children
  • Mary Grey, who married firstly, William Sulyard and secondly, Thomas Steward[7]
  • Frances Grey, wife of Sir William Felton of Playford[7]

He died at Bradgate House on 26 July 1614, a new widower, and was buried in the family chapel there. He was succeeded in the barony by his grandson Henry, who later become the first Earl of Stamford.[1]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Cust, Richard. "Grey, Henry, first Baron Grey of Groby (1547–1614)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Burke, John (1833). A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. H. Colburn and R. Bentley. p. 475. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  3. ^ Douglas Richardson. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families Genealogical Publishing Com, 30 July 2005. pg 392.
  4. ^ Richard Davey. The sisters of Lady Jane Grey and their wicked grandfather E.P. Dutton and co., 1912. pg 199-200.
  5. ^ a b "GREY, Sir Henry (1547-1614), of Pirgo, Essex; later of Groby, Leics". History of Parliament online. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  6. ^ Foster, Joseph (1902). Some Feudal Coats of Arms and Others: Illustrated with 2,000 Zinco Etchings from the Bayear Tapestry, Greek Vases, Seals, Tiles, Effigies, Brasses and Heralcic Rolls. Some Chart Pedigrees. J. Parker & Company. p. 209. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Collins, Arthur (1709). The Peerage of England. p. 184. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 


Court offices
Preceded by
vacant
Master of the Buckhounds
1596–1603
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Tyringham
Peerage of England
New creation Baron Grey of Groby
1603–1614
Succeeded by
Henry Grey