Henry Habib Ayrout

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Henry Habib Ayrout, S.J. (1907 – April 10, 1969) was an author, educator, and Jesuit priest in Egypt.

His father Habib Ayrout was a Lebanese-Egyptian architect practicing in Cairo, Egypt. After being educated in Paris as an engineer-architect, he participated in the planning and construction of Heliopolis (Cairo suburb). His two brothers Charles Ayrout and Max Ayrout were also architects practicing in Cairo.[1]

Fr. Ayrout was an educator and sociologist who established the Catholic Association for Schools of Egypt in 1940. His study of the Egypt's fellahin, The Egyptian Peasant, was first published in French in 1938[2] and is regarded as a major work on the subject.[3] He was a noted advocate for land reform in Egypt.[4] Ayrout was rector of the Jesuit College in Faggala from 1962 until his death.[5] He was the founder of the Association of Upper Egypt for Education and Development.


  1. ^ Timothy Mitchell Rule of Experts: Egypt, Techno-Politics, Modernity, University of California Press, 2002, pg. 332
  2. ^ Henry Habib Ayrout, Moeurs et coutumes des fellahs, Paris: Payot, 1938. Cited Williams, John Alden, "Forward" to the 2005 edition published by AUC Press, pg. vi.
  3. ^ Timothy Mitchell, "The Invention and Reinvention of the Egyptian Peasant", International Journal of Middle East Studies 22 (1990), 129-150.
  4. ^ Heather J. Sharkey (2013). American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire: Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire. Princeton University Press. p. 194. ISBN 978-1400837250.  Excerpts available at Google Books.
  5. ^ Williams, pg. xi