Henry Harris (scientist)
This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Born||28 January 1925|
|Died||31 October 2014(aged 89)|
|Thesis||Nature of chemical stimuli affecting cells during tissue injury (1953)|
|Doctoral students||Fiona Watt|
Sir Henry Harris, FRS, FAA (28 January 1925 – 31 October 2014) was an Australian professor of medicine at the University of Oxford who led pioneering work on cancer and human genetics in the 2000s.
Early life and education
Harris was born in 1925 to a Jewish family in Russia in what was then the Soviet Union. In 1929, his family emigrated to Australia. Harris studied at Sydney Boys High School from 1937 to 1941. In 1941, he first read modern languages, but was subsequently attracted to medicine through his literary interests. He studied medicine at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital and began a career in medical research rather than in clinical practice.
In the early 1950s, Harris moved to England to study at the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology in Oxford under Howard Florey. He completed his DPhil in 1954 and settled down to a career of academic research. In 1960, he was appointed the head of the new department of cell biology at the John Innes Institute, and, in 1964, he succeeded Florey as head of the Dunn School. In 1979, he was appointed as Oxford's Regius Professor of Medicine, succeeding Richard Doll.
Harris's research interests were primarily focused on cancer cells and their differences from normal cells. He later studied the possibility of genetic modification of human cell lines with the material of other species to increase the range of genetic markers. Harris and his colleagues developed some of the basic techniques for investigating and measuring genes along the human chromosome.
In 1965, he reported his observation that most nuclear RNA was non-coding, a view that was not widely accepted until years later. In 1969, Harris showed that when malignant cancer cells were fused with normal fibroblasts, the resulting hybrids were not malignant, thus demonstrating the existence of genes that could suppress malignancy. Work on these tumour suppressor genes has become a worldwide industry.
He died on 31 October 2014, aged 89.
- Harris, Henry (1970). Cell Fusion. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-857344-8.
- Harris, Henry (1974). Nucleus and Cytoplasm. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-854125-2.
- Harris, Henry (1979). Scientific Models and Man. Oxford and New York: Clarendon Press and Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-857168-2.
- Harris, Henry (1987). The Balance of Improbabilities: A Scientific Life. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-858217-X.
- Harris, Henry (1993). Hippolyte's Club Foot: The Medical Roots of Realism in Modern European Literature. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-951362-7. (The Romanes Lecture for 1993).
- Harris, Henry (1995). The Cells of the Body: A History of Somatic Cell Genetics. Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. ISBN 0-87969-533-1.
- Harris, Henry (2000). The Birth of the Cell. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-08295-9.
- Harris, Henry (2002). Things Come to Life: Spontaneous Generation Revisited. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-851538-3.
- Harris, Henry (2006). Remnants of a Quiet Life. Twin Serpents Limited. ISBN 1-905524-27-7.
- Watt, Fiona Mary (2015). "Professor Sir Henry Harris (1925–2014)". Journal of Cell Science. 128 (23): 4253–4253. doi:10.1242/jcs.181859.
- The Guardian. Retrieved 11 December 2014
- Bryson, V; Vogel, HJ (1 January 1965). "Evolving Genes and Proteins". Science. 147 (3653): 469. doi:10.1126/science.147.3653.68. PMID 17799782.