Henry Hawley Smart
Henry Hawley Smart (1833–1893) was an English army officer and novelist, who wrote as Capt. Hawley Smart. He was praised for his realistic racing and hunting scenes, and depictions of military incidents.
Smart was born in Dover, Kent on 3 June 1833. He was the son of Major George Smart and his wife Katherine, daughter of Sir Joseph Henry Hawley, 3rd Baronet (1813–1875), a wealthy racehorse owner, bibliophile and advocate of turf reform, and his wife Sarah (née Crosbie), who came from a landed Sussex family. His grandfather, Col. Henry Smart, had been governor of Dover Castle earlier in the century. Smart was married in 1883 to Alice Ellen, daughter of John Smart of Budleigh Salterton, Devon. Smart died at his residence there, Laburnum Cottage, West Hill, on 8 January 1893. His wife survived him.
Smart was privately educated and then commissioned in the British Army as an ensign in the 1st Regiment of Foot (Royal Scots) in 1849, through the influence of the future Lord Raglan. He served through the Crimean War, being promoted to captain in 1855. He sailed in 1857 for India, where he served during the Indian Mutiny. In 1858 he switched to the 17th (Leicestershire) Regiment and was stationed in Canada. He left Quebec in 1864 and then sold out of the army.
Losses on the turf spurred Smart into becoming a novelist. Among his models were the Irishman Charles Lever (1806–1872) and the Scotsman George Whyte-Melville (1821–1878). Beginning with Breezie Langton: a Story of Fifty-Two to Fifty-Five (1869, several times reprinted), one of the few British novels set in the Crimean War, he produced 38 novels in all, the last being A Racing Rubber (1895), which appeared posthumously. In line with practice at the time, many appeared first in instalments in periodicals, such as St James's Magazine, or in weekly parts in newspapers. They have been described as "novels of 'society', military life, racing, and hunting... entertainment rather than literature," whose weaknesses of plot and dialogue were offset by realistic racing and hunting scenes and by military incidents often drawn from his own experience.
George Bernard Shaw in an 1888 lecture made a comparison of the readerships of Smart and George Eliot (1819–1880): "There are love affairs in Captain Hawley Smart's novels: so there in are in George Eliot's; but I suspect that the admirers of Captain Hawley Smart find George Eliot rather heavy. And I believe that 'rather heavy' means to them 'comparatively unreal'. The things of which Captain Hawley Smith writes, seen as he describes them, are vivid and interesting – pleasant parts of his readers' daily life and thought. On the other hand, the admirers of George Eliot do not see these things as Captain Hawley Smart sees them, and take no interest in the excitements and gaieties incidental to them. For example, one cannot imagine a disciple of George Eliot reading a sporting column of a newspaper, or sympathizing with the good luck of a hero who is saved from ruin by winning a fortune at the expense of the other gamblers on a racecourse. Nor can we imagine a disciple of Captain Hawley Smart subscribing to 'Mind', or recognizing any sense or importance in the scruples of the man who refuses to bet."
The Great Tontine (1881) was republished in 1984 in an anthology of four novels entitled Victorian Villainies, edited by Graham Greene with an introduction by his brother Hugh Greene. This was reprinted in 1995.
- Breezie Langton, 3 vols (London: Bentley, 1869)
- Bitter is the Rind, etc., 3 vols (London: Bentley, 1870)
- Cecile: or, Modern Idolaters, etc., 3 vols (London: Bentley, 1871)
- False Cards 3 vols (London: Hurst and Blackett, 1872)
- A Race for a Wife 3 vols (London: Hurst and Blackett, 1872)
- Broken Bonds 3 vols (London: Hurst and Blackett, 1874)
- Two Kisses 3 vols (London: Bentley, 1875)
- Courtship: or, 1720 in 1860 3 vols (London: Chapman and Hall, 1876)
- Bound to Win: A Tale of the Turf 3 vols (London: Chapman and Hall, 1877)
- Sunshine and Snow: A Novel 3 vols (London: Chapman and Hall, 1878)
- Play or Pay. A Novelette (London, 1878)
- Social Sinners 3 vols (London: Chapman and Hall, 1880)
- Great Tontine: A Novel 3 vols (London: Chapman and Hall, 1881)
- At Fault: A Novel 3 vols (London: Chapman and Hall, 1883)
- Hard Lines: A Novel 3 vols (London: Chapman and Hall, 1883)
- From Post to Finish: A Novel 3 vols (London: Chapman and Hall, 1884)
- The Death Ride. A Story of Thanksgiving Day, Feb. 27, 1872 (in the collection Praed (R. M.) Mrs.: For their Sakes, etc., 1884)
- Tie and Trick: A Melodramatic Story 3 vols (London: Chapman and Hall, 1885)
- The Outsider: A Novel 2 vols (London: F. V. White, 1886)
- Plucked: A Tale of a Trap, with other authors (London: Diprose and Bateman, 1886)
- Struck Down. A Tale of Devon (London: F. Warne and Co., 1886)
- Bad to Beat. A Novel (London: F. V. White, 1886)
- A False Start: A Novel 3 vols (London: Chapman and Hall, 1887)
- Saddle and Sabre 3 vols (London: Chapman and Hall, 1887)
- Cleverly Won. A Romance of the Grand National. A Novelette (London: F. V. White, 1887)
- The Master of Rathkelly 2 vols (London: F. V. White, 1888)
- The Pride of the Paddock (London: F. V. White, 1888)
- Long Odds: A Novel 3 vols (London: F. V. White, 1889)
- The Last Coup. A Novelette (London: F. V. White, 1889)
- Without Love or Licence: A Tale of South Devon 3 vols (London: Chatto and Windus, 1890)
- A Black Business. A Novelette (London: F. V. White, 1890)
- Beatrice and Benedick: A Romance of the Crimea 2 vols (London: F. V. White, 1891)
- The Plunger: A Turf Tragedy of Five-and-Twenty Years Ago 2 vols (London: F. V. White, 1891)
- Thrice Past the Post. A Novel (London: F. V. White, 1891)
- Vanity's Daughter. A Novel (London: F. V. White, 1893)
- A Racing Rubber 2 vols (London: F. V. White, 1895)
- ODNB entries for Hawley by Wray Vamplew Retrieved 15 January 2013. Pay-walled; and for Smart by Thomas Seccombe, rev. James Lunt Retrieved 15 January 2013. Pay-walled.
- ODNB entry for Smart; DNB s:Smart, Henry Hawley (DNB00).
- Louise Lee: Religion, Literature and the Imagination: Sacred Worlds (London: Continuum, 2009), p. 173, n41.
- See, for instance, Victorian Research. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- Tie and Trick, for example, was published in weekly parts in The Bolton Weekly Journal and The Nottinghamshire Guardian in 1884–5 before appearing in three volumes later in 1885. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- ODNB entry for Smart.
- Unpublished Shaw Vol. 16, ed. Dan H. Laurence and Margot Peters (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996), p. 112–13. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
- Blog by crime writer Martin Edwards. Retrieved 28 January 2013. ISBN 0140068503
- London: Claremont Books.
- At the Circulating Library. A Database of Victorian Fiction, 1837–1901. Retrieved 16 January 2013. Augmented by the British Library Integrated Catalogue.