|Sir Henry Heydon|
Sir Henry Heydon (died 1504) was the son of John Heydon of Baconsthorpe, Norfolk, 'the well-known opponent of the Paston family'. He married Anne Boleyn, the daughter of Sir Geoffrey Boleyn, great-grandfather of Henry VIII's queen Anne Boleyn.
Henry Heydon was the son of John Heydon (d.1479) of Baconsthorpe, Norfolk, and Eleanor Winter, the daughter of Edmund Winter (d.1448) of Barningham, Norfolk. Trained as a lawyer, he frequently advised other Norfolk landowners and acted for them as a feoffee and arbitrator. He served as a Justice of the Peace in Norfolk from 1473, and on various commissions in that county and elsewhere.
His inheritance from his father included at least sixteen manors, and he added to his holdings through the purchase of lands in both Norfolk and Kent. One of his purchases in Kent was West Wickham, and after establishing himself as a Kent landowner he served as Justice of the Peace there in the late 1480s and in the 1490s. Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, was a trustee for his land purchases in Kent, and Heydon subsequently acted as steward in Norfolk to Buckingham's widow, Catherine Woodville, Duchess of Buckingham, in the 1490s. He was a supervisor of the will of Cecily Neville, Duchess of York, and served as her steward of household and chief bailiff of the Honour of Eye.
Although he was knighted at the coronation of Henry VII, and was among those present at the reception of Catherine of Aragon when she arrived in England in 1501, he was 'primarily a local servant of the crown rather than a courtier'.
Some of the wealth he accumulated as a sheep farmer was expended in building projects. In Norfolk he completed the castle begun by his father at Baconsthorpe, restored the parish church at Kelling and built a new church at Salthouse, and constructed a causeway between Thursford and Walsingham. In Kent he rebuilt the church at West Wickham, and built a fortified manor house there.
He died at Baconsthorpe between 20 February and 22 May 1504, and was buried beside his father in the Heydon family chapel which then existed at Norwich Cathedral. A memorial window, said to be his, in the church at West Wickham depicts a kneeling human skeleton, with the Heydon arms.
Marriage and issue
- John Heydon, eldest son and heir, a leading member of the Norfolk gentry during the reign of Henry VIII, who married Katherine Willoughby, the daughter of Sir Christopher Willoughby of Parham, Suffolk, and Margaret Jenny.
- Henry Heydon, esquire, who married Anne, the daughter of John Armstrong.
- William Heydon, slain during Kett's Rebellion, and buried in the church of St Peter Mancroft, Norwich.
- Dorothy Heydon, who married, as his first wife, Thomas Brooke, 8th Baron Cobham (d.1529), by whom she had seven sons, including John, George Brooke, 9th Baron Cobham, Thomas, William and Edward, and six daughters, including Margaret, who married Sir John Fogge (d.1564); Faith, who married William Ockenden; and Elizabeth (d.1560), who married firstly the poet Sir Thomas Wyatt (d. 10 October 1542), and secondly Sir Edward Warner.
- Bridget Heydon, who married Sir William Paston (c.1479 – 1554), son of Sir John Paston and his first wife, Margery Brewes. Bridget was the mother of Eleanor Paston, Countess of Rutland and grandmother of Bridget Chaworth.
- Anne Heydon (died c.1521), who married firstly William Gurney of Instead, Norfolk, and secondly Sir Lionel Dymoke (d. 17 August 1519) of Ashby, Lincolnshire.
- Elizabeth Heydon, who married Sir Walter Hobart, esquire, of Hales Hall.
- Amy Heydon, who married Sir Roger L'Estrange of Hunstanton, Norfolk.
- Moreton 2004.
- Richmond 2004.
- J.B. 1827, p. 17.
- She is referred to in some sources as Elizabeth, rather than Anne.
- Hundred of South Erpingham: Baconsthorp, An Essay towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: volume 6 (1807), pp. 502–513 Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- Richardson IV 2011, p. 339.
- Gurney 1848, p. 412.
- Mason 1885, p. 117.
- McKeen 1986, p. 17.
- Richardson IV 2011, pp. 381–2.
- T.G.F. 1863, p. 124.
- Gurney 1848, pp. 411–12.
- Davis 1971, p. lxiv.
- Richardson I 2011, p. 247.
- J.B. (1827). "Wickham Court, Kent". The Mirror of Literature, Amusement and Instruction. London: J. Limbird. IX. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
- Davis, Norman, ed. (1971). The Paston Letters and Papers of the Fifteenth Century, Part I. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
- Gurney, Daniel (1848). The Record of the House of Gournay. London: John Bowyer Nicholas. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- McKeen, David (1986). A Memory of Honour: The Life of William Brooke, Lord Cobham. I. Salzbury: Universitat Salzbury.
- Mason, Robert Hindry (1885). The History of Norfolk, Part V, Acle to Barford. London: Wertheimer Lea and Co. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- Moreton, C.E. (2004). "Heydon, Sir Henry (d. 1504)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/13167. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966373.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. IV (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1460992709.
- Richmond, Colin (2004). "Paston family (per. c.1420–1504)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/52791. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- T.G.F. (1863). "Family Chronicle of Richard Fogge of Danes Court in Tilmanstone". Archaeologia Cantiana. London: Kent Archaeological Society. V. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- Baconsthorpe Retrieved 3 October 2013
- The Heydons of Baconsthorpe Who Built Salthouse Church Retrieved 3 October 2013