Henry Hope (Quebec lieutenant governor)

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Henry Hope (c. 1746 – 13 April 1789) was a soldier and a colonial administrator in the Province of Quebec (1763–1791). Genealogy references sometimes call him Henry Hope-Vere, but he does not appear to have been called this by his contemporaries.

He was most likely born in Scotland, the son of Charles Hope-Weir (or Hope-Vere) by his second wife Lady Anne Vane, and the grandson of Charles Hope, 1st Earl of Hopetoun. He served in the 27th Foot Regiment and fought for the British in the American Revolutionary War, where he transferred to the 44th Foot soon after arriving. He was soon promoted to major; in January 1778 to lieutenant-colonel;[1] in 1782 to colonel; in 1784 to brigadier-general.

He was a lieutenant governor of the Province of Quebec from 1785 to 1788 during the second term of Guy Carleton (Lord Dorchester) as governor. In those days, the "lieutenant governor" simply was the deputy of the governor; there is no connection to the modern-day Lieutenant Governor of Quebec.

The town of Port Hope, Ontario derives its name from him,[2] as do the township municipality of Hope, Quebec[3] and the municipality of Hope Town, Quebec.[4]

Through his brother Charles, he was the uncle of his namesake Henry Hope, a Royal Navy officer.

He has a monument in the North Transept of Westminster Abbey, by the sculptor John Bacon.[5]

He married Sarah Jones of Mullaghbrack; there were no children. The fact that he predeceased his father gave rise to the case "Graham against Hope" in the Court of Session of Scotland, over the question of whether his widow's sister's daughter was entitled to the legacy bequeathed by his father.[6]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "No. 11842". The London Gazette. 20 January 1778. p. 2. 
  2. ^ http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/port-hope
  3. ^ "Hope (Municipalité de canton)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  4. ^ "Hope (Municipalité de canton)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  5. ^ http://www.westminster-abbey.org/our-history/people/henry-hope
  6. ^ Morison, William Maxwell (1803). "Graham against Hope, 17 February 1807 Appendix Part I, No. 3". The Decisions of the Court of Session. Vol X. Edinburgh: Bell & Bradfute. after p. 8112.