Henry Hughes Hough

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Henry Hughes Hough
Henry Hughes Hough in 1916.jpg
Hough in 1916
Born (1871-01-08)January 8, 1871
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Died September 9, 1943(1943-09-09) (aged 72)
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch Seal of the United States Department of the Navy.svg United States Navy
Years of service 1891–1935
Rank Rear Admiral
Commands held USS Wilmington
USS Utah
USS New York
Governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands
Director of Naval Intelligence
Yangtze Patrol
Battles/wars Spanish–American War
World War I

Henry Hughes Hough (January 8, 1871 – September 9, 1943) was a Rear Admiral of the United States Navy and one-time military Governor of the United States Virgin Islands. In 1923 he was the director of the Office of Naval Intelligence. He commanded the Yangtze Patrol from 1925 to 1927.[1]


He was born on January 8, 1871 in the French overseas colony of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, off the coast of Newfoundland.

Hough graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1891. He served on board the torpedo boat Morris during the Spanish–American War. Following the war, he alternated assignments in the Naval Intelligence office with ship-board duties. In 1911, he was made the Navy attache to France and, later, to Russia. From 1914 to 1915, he was given his first command: the gunboat Wilmington, assigned to the Naval Academy. In 1918, he was made a Staff Representative and district commander in Brest, France, as part of the overall Naval Forces, France Command.[2] He was subsequently also a commissioner of the Prisoner of War Conference in Berne, Switzerland. From 1919 to 1921, he commanded the battleship Utah, and from 1921 to 1922, the New York.

In 1922, while still a Captain, he was appointed as the Governor of the United States Virgin Islands, a role that he only acted in for a year. Hough was the first non-acting military governor to govern as a Captain, rather than a Rear Admiral, and the first not to be born in the United States.

In 1923, he was appointed as Director of Naval Intelligence and the following year on 14 June 1924, he was promoted to Rear Admiral. He commanded the Yangtze Patrol from 1925 until 5 December 1927 when command was assumed by Rear Admiral Yates Stirling, Jr. He retired from the Navy in 1935 and died in 1943.[1]

Hough is buried in Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia. Hough was survived by his wife Flaurence Oliphant (1877–1970).


Further reading[edit]

  • "SIX RECEIVE PROMOTION TO ADMIRAL". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, Calif.: Jun 15, 1924. pg. 5, 1 pgs
Political offices
Preceded by
Sumner Ely Wetmore Kittelle
Governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands
Succeeded by
Philip Williams