Henry II, Duke of Brabant

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Henry II
Duke of Brabant
Duke of Lothier
Jindra2 Brabant.jpg
Titles and styles
The Duke of Brabant and Lothier
Born1207
Died1 February 1248 (aged 40–41)
Leuven
Noble familyReginar
Spouse(s)Marie of Hohenstaufen
Sophie of Thuringia
Issue
FatherHenry I, Duke of Brabant
MotherMathilde of Flanders

Henry II of Brabant (French: Henri II de Brabant, Dutch: Hendrik II van Brabant, 1207 – February 1, 1248) was Duke of Brabant and Lothier after the death of his father Henry I in 1235. His mother was Mathilde of Flanders.[1]

Henry II supported his sister Mathilde's son, William II, Count of Holland, in the latter's bid for election as German King.[1]

Family and children[edit]

His first marriage was to Marie of Hohenstaufen (April 3, 1207–1235, Leuven),[2] daughter of Philip of Swabia and Irene Angelina.[1] They had six children:

  1. Henry III, Duke of Brabant (d. 1261)[2]
  2. Philip, died young[2]
  3. Matilda of Brabant (1224 – September 29, 1288),[2] married:
    1. Robert I of Artois, 14 June 1237, in Compiègne[3]
    2. before May 31, 1254 to Guy II of Châtillon, Count of Saint Pol.
  4. Beatrix (1225 – November 11, 1288), married:
    1. at Creuzburg March 10, 1241, Heinrich Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia;[4]
    2. in Leuven November 1247 to William III of Dampierre, Count of Flanders (1224 – June 6, 1251).
  5. Maria of Brabant (c. 1226 – January 18, 1256, Donauwörth),[2] married Louis II, Duke of Upper Bavaria. She was beheaded by her husband on suspicion of infidelity.
  6. Margaret (d. March 14, 1277), Abbess of Valduc Abbey (Hertogendal).

His second marriage was to Sophie of Thuringia (March 20, 1224 – May 29, 1275),[5] daughter of Ludwig IV of Thuringia and Saint Elisabeth of Hungary by whom he had two children:

  1. Henry (1244–1308), created Landgrave of Hesse in 1264.
  2. Elizabeth (1243 – October 9, 1261), married Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Henry died in Leuven, aged about 40.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Baldwin 2014, p. 27.
  2. ^ a b c d e Dunbabin 2011, p. xiv.
  3. ^ Nieus 2005, p. 166,176.
  4. ^ Fried & Schieffer 2008, p. 566.
  5. ^ Teszelszky 2014, p. 148.

Sources[edit]

  • Baldwin, Philip B. (2014). Pope Gregory X and the Crusades. The Boydell Press.
  • Dunbabin, Jean (2011). The French in the Kingdom of Sicily, 1266–1305. Cambridge University Press.
  • Nieus, Jean-François (2005). Un pouvoir comtal entre Flandre et France: Saint-Pol, 1000-1300 (in French). De Boeck & Larcier.
  • Fried, Johannes; Schieffer, Rudolf, eds. (2008). Deutsches Archiv fur Erforschung des Mittelalters (in German). Bohlau Verlag GmbH & Cie, Koln Weimar Wien.
  • Teszelszky, Kees, ed. (2014). A Divided Hungary in Europe: Exchanges, Networks and. Vol. 3. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

See also[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Henry I
Coat of arms of Brabant.svg Duke of Brabant and Lothier
1235–1248
Succeeded by
Henry III