Henry II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen

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Henry II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, (before 1296 – after 1351), also called de Graecia ("of Greece"), was the eldest son of Henry I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

On their father's death in 1322, his sons agreed to rule the Principality of Grubenhagen jointly; but they finally divided up the territory, and Henry did not receive a part, and instead took over the administration of the brothers' joint property.

In 1327, Henry joined Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, when Louis traveled to Rome for his coronation. Henry continued to travel to Greece and Constantinople, visiting his brother-in-law Emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos, and on to Jerusalem. Loaded with relics, he returned home in 1331. Apart from his travels, little is known about his life. Those of his sons who did not join the church obtained careers in southern European kingdoms; most notably Otto, who married Queen Joanna I of Naples.


Firstly, Henry married Jutta (bef. 1302 – bef. 1330), daughter of Henry I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal. They had the following children:

Secondly, Henry married Heloise (aka Helwig or Helvis; died 1347/48), daughter of Philip of Ibelin, Seneschal of Jerusalem. They had the following children:

  • Philip (c. 1332 - 4 August 1369/70), Constable of Jerusalem; married firstly Helisia de Dampierre and secondly Alix of Ibelin.
  • Riddag (c. 1334 - 1364/67).
  • Balthazar (c. 1336 – aft. 14 January 1384), Despot of Romania, married Giacobella Caetani di Fondi.
  • Thomas (c. 1338 – c. 1384), joined the Augustinians.
  • Melchior (c. 1341 – 6 June 1381), Bishop of Osnabrück and Schwerin.
  • Helvis, married Louis de Nores.



Henry II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
Cadet branch of the House of Este
Born: about 1289 Died: 1351
German nobility
Preceded by
Henry I the Admirable
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Grubenhagen
joint reign with his brothers Ernest I and William

Succeeded by
Ernest I
Retention of a condiminium on partitioning Grubenhagen Lord over Grubenhagen condominium
joint rule with his brothers Ernest I and William

Succeeded by
Ernest I and William
Minor Grubenhagen share disentangled from main territory Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of minor Grubenhagen

Reverted to Ernest I