Henry III, Count of Bar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Henry III, Count of Bar
Henry III, Count of Bar.png
Born 1259
Died September 1302
Naples
Spouse(s) Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar
Children Edward I, Count of Bar
Joan of Bar, Countess of Surrey

Henry III of Bar (French: Henri III de Bar; 1259 – Naples, September 1302) was Count of Bar from 1291 to 1302.[1] He was the son of Theobald II, Count of Bar and Jeanne de Toucy.

His introduction to military life came as he was made a knight in a conflict between his father and the Bishop of Metz. He then served Frederick III, Duke of Lorraine. He was preparing to go on crusade when his father died.

In 1284 Joan I of Navarre, countess of Champagne, had married the future Philip IV of France, making the county of Bar adjacent to the French royal domain. Henry's reaction was a marriage to Eleanor, daughter of Edward I of England.[2] When war broke out in short order between France and England, Henry was drawn in. The fighting ceased after the 1301 Treaty of Bruges. Under its terms, Henry gave up some fortresses and paid homage to Philip for part of his lands, then called the Barrois mouvant. He also undertook to fight in Cyprus against the Muslim forces.

Henry therefore made his way to the Kingdom of Naples. In assisting Charles II of Naples against the invading forces of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, he was wounded in fighting, and died soon afterwards.

Family[edit]

Henry married Eleanor, daughter of Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile, at Bristol on 20 September 1293.[3] Their children were:

The existence of Henry’s daughter Eleanor is very doubtful.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Georges Poull (1994), La Maison souveraine et ducale de Bar
  2. ^ Florentii Wigornensis Monachi Chronicon, Continuatio, p. 268
  3. ^ Michael Prestwich, Edward I, (Yale University Press, 1997), 389.
  4. ^ Henry III of Bar and his family
  5. ^ Bridgeman, G. T. O. (1876) History of the Princes of South Wales (Wigan), p. 240.
  6. ^ This is likely a fabrication of Henry VII of England to claim the crown of Wales.