Henry II Sinclair, Earl of Orkney

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Henry Sinclair, 2nd Earl of Orkney (c. 1375 – 1420) was a Norwegian nobleman and Pantler of Scotland.[1]


He was son of Henry Sinclair, the Jarl of Orkney, by his wife Jean, daughter of John Halyburton of Dirleton. Sinclair was one of those captured following the Battle of Homildon Hill in 1402, but released on ransom. He had succeeded his father, de facto, as Jarl by 1404; there is no record that he was ever officially installed as Jarl, and no certain record that he ever visited his jarldom.[2]

He was one of those who accompanied James Duke of Rothesay on his journey to France aboard the Maryenknyght, which was captured by English pirates off Flamborough Head in 1406. He followed the prince into captivity, but was soon released. Subsequently he was often in England on business connected with the king's imprisonment. He also spent some time in the service of the Duke of Burgundy.

Henry Sinclair died of influenza c. 1420.[3]

Marriage and issue[edit]

In about 1407 he married Egidia Douglas, daughter of Sir William Douglas of Nithsdale and maternal granddaughter of King Robert II of Scotland.

Preceded by
Henry Sinclair
Jarl of Orkney
Succeeded by
William Sinclair



  1. ^ Fraser vol I, p.358
  2. ^ Thomson, William P.L., The New History of Orkney (Edinburgh, 2008) p 172-175
  3. ^ Balfour Paul, vol vi, p 570