Henry Jacques Garrigues

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Henry Jacques Garrigues (June 6, 1831 in Copenhagen, Denmark – July 7, 1913 in Tryon, USA) was a Danish-born American doctor considered to have introduced antiseptic obstetrics to the United States.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

He was born in Copenhagen to the merchant of French Huguenot origin Jacques Louis Garrigue and his wife Cecile Olivia Duntzfelt, daughter of Christian Vilhelm Duntzfelt and maternal granddaughter of Frédéric de Coninck.[2] Garrigues graduated from the University of Copenhagen Faculty of Health Sciences with a medical degree in 1869.


After graduating, Garrigues moved to the United States and resided and worked in New York City, where he was named an obstetric surgeon at the New York Maternity Hospital and a physician in the Gynecologic Department of the German Dispensary (now Lenox Hill Hospital).[3]

In 1877, Garrigues became a fellow of the American Gynecological Society and was made vice president in 1897.[4]

Charlotte Garrigue, the first lady of Czechoslovakia, was his niece. [5][6] His first cousin was Malvine Garrigues, the famous soprano.[7]


On July 7, 1913, Garrigues died at his home in Tryon, North Carolina, aged 82.[8] He is buried in that city.[9]


  • Garrigues H.J. (1882) Diagnosis of Ovarian Cysts by Means of the Examination of Their Contents, William Wood, New York City, NY
  • — (1886) Practical Guide in Antiseptic Midwifery in Hospital and Private Practice, G.S. Davis, Detroit, MI
  • — (1902) A Textbook of the Science and Art of Obstetrics, J.B. Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA
  • — (1905) Gynecology, Medical and Surgical, J.B. Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA