Henry Jacques Garrigues

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Henry Jacques Garrigues (June 6, 1831  – July 7, 1913) was a Danish-born American doctor considered to have introduced antiseptic obstetrics to the United States.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Henri Jacques Garrigues was born in Copenhagen, Denmark to the merchant of French Huguenot origin Jacques Louis Garrigue (1789-1854) and his wife Cecile Olivia Duntzfelt (1798-1863), daughter of Danish merchant Christian Vilhelm Duntzfelt (1763-1809) and maternal granddaughter of Dutch merchant Frédéric de Coninck.[2]Charlotte Garrigue, the first lady of Czechoslovakia, was his niece.[3] His first cousin was Malvine Garrigues, the noted soprano.[4]


Garrigues graduated from the University of Copenhagen Faculty of Health Sciences with a medical degree in 1869.

After graduating, Garrigues moved to the United States where he resided and worked in New York City. He was named an obstetric surgeon at the New York Maternity Hospital and a physician in the Gynecologic Department of the German Dispensary (now Lenox Hill Hospital).[5]

In 1877, Garrigues became a fellow of the American Gynecological Society and was made vice president in 1897.[6]


On July 7, 1913, Garrigues died at his home in Tryon, North Carolina, aged 82.[7] He is buried in that city.[8]


  • Garrigues H.J. (1882) Diagnosis of Ovarian Cysts by Means of the Examination of Their Contents, William Wood, New York City, NY
  • — (1886) Practical Guide in Antiseptic Midwifery in Hospital and Private Practice, G.S. Davis, Detroit, MI
  • — (1902) A Textbook of the Science and Art of Obstetrics, J.B. Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA
  • — (1905) Gynecology, Medical and Surgical, J.B. Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA


  1. ^ Henri Jacques Garrigues (Salmonsens konversationsleksikon)
  2. ^ Coninck, Frédéric, 1740-1811 (Dansk biografisk Lexikon)
  3. ^ Charlotte Masaryk (Unitarian Universalist History & Heritage Society)
  4. ^ Malvina Schnorr von Carolsfeld (C.H. Garrigues (1937) Ein ideales Sängerpaar) (
  5. ^ Henry J. Garrigues, M.D.(Annals of Surgery. Volume XV. January–June, 1892)
  6. ^ The History of Surgery in the United States, 1775-1900
  7. ^ Garrigues H.J. (JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association)
  8. ^ Garrigues, Henry Jacques Jun 6, 1831 - Jul 7, 1913 (Polk CO , NC - cemeteries- Tryon Cemetery, Section 2)

External links[edit]