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Henry Janeway Hardenbergh

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Henry Janeway Hardenbergh
BornFebruary 6, 1847 (1847-02-06)
DiedMarch 13, 1918 (1918-03-14) (aged 71)[1]
Manhattan, New York City, New York

Henry Janeway Hardenbergh FAIA (February 6, 1847 – March 13, 1918) was an American architect, best known for his hotels and apartment buildings, and as a "master of a new building form — the skyscraper."[2] He worked three times with Edward Clark, the wealthy owner of the Singer Sewing Machine Company and real estate developer: The Singer company's first tower in New York City, The Dakota Apartments, and its precursor, the Van Corlear.[3] He is best known for building apartment dwellings and luxury hotels.[4]

Life and career[edit]

Hardenbergh was born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, of a Dutch family, and attended the Hasbrouck Institute in Jersey City. He apprenticed in New York from 1865 to 1870 under Detlef Lienau, and, in 1870, opened his own practice there.[5]

He obtained his first contracts for three buildings at Rutgers College in New Brunswick, New Jersey—the expansion of Alexander Johnston Hall (1871), designing and building Geology Hall (1872) and the Kirkpatrick Chapel (1873)—through family connections. Hardenbergh's great-great grandfather, the Reverend Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh, had been the first president of Rutgers College from 1785 to 1790, when it was still called "Queen's College".

He then got the contract to design the "Vancorlear" on West 55th Street, the first apartment hotel in New York City, in 1879.[1] The following year, he was commissioned by Edward S. Clark, then head of the Singer Sewing Machine Company, to build a housing development. As part of this work, he designed the pioneering Dakota Apartments[6] on Central Park West, novel in its location, very far north of the center of the city.

Subsequently, Hardenbergh received commissions to build the Waldorf (1893) and the adjoining Astoria (1897) hotels for William Waldorf Astor and Mrs. Astor, respectively. The two competing hotels were later joined together as the Waldorf-Astoria, which was demolished in 1929 for the construction of the Empire State Building.

Hardenbergh lived for some time in Bernardsville, New Jersey[7] where he designed the building for the school house built with funds donated by Frederic P. Olcott.[2] The school house is in Hardenberghs architectural style and is a landmark in the town.[8] Hardenbergh died at his home in Manhattan, New York City on March 13, 1918.[1] He is buried in Woodland Cemetery, in Stamford, Connecticut.


Hardenbergh was elected to the American Institute of Architects in 1867, and was made a Fellow in 1877. He was president of the Architectural League of New York from 1901 to 1902, and was an associate of the National Academy of Design. Hardenbergh was one of the founders of the American Fine Arts Society as well as the Municipal Art Society.[5] He was also a member of the Sculpture Society and the Century, Riding, Grolier and Church Clubs.[1]



See also[edit]



  1. ^ a b c d e f g Staff. (March 14, 1918) "H.J. Hardenbergh, Architect, Is Dead" The New York Times
  2. ^ a b Schleicher, William A. & Winter, Susan J. (1997). Images of America: In The Somerset Hills, The Landed Gentry. Dover, New Hampshire: Acadia Publishing. pp. 13, 15. ISBN 0-7524-0899-2.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Gray, Christopher (December 17, 2006). "An Unusual Design Is Improved, and a Landmark Is Born". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 22, 2023.
  4. ^ "» Hardenbergh the Hotel Master". www.landmarkwest.org. Retrieved December 22, 2023.
  5. ^ a b Pierson, Majorie (ed.) et al. "Ladies' Mile Historic District Designation Report v.2" Archived February 22, 2017, at the Wayback Machine New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (May 2, 1989)
  6. ^ Gray, Christopher (December 17, 2006). "An Unusual Design Is Improved, and a Landmark Is Born". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 22, 2023.
  7. ^ Gray, Christopher. "Streetscapes/Henry Janeway Hardenbergh; An Architect Who Left an Indelible Imprint", The New York Times, May 7, 2000. Accessed March 21, 2011. "He alternated living in New York and New Jersey, at first at 121 West 73rd Street, in Jersey City and Bernardsville, and in a big town house of his own design at 12 East 56th Street."
  8. ^ "Administrative Offices". somersethills.ss8.sharpschool.com. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  9. ^ Home | Kirkpatrick Chapel. Kirkpatrickchapel.rutgers.edu. Retrieved on July 26, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c d White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot (2000). AIA Guide to New York City (4th ed.). New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-8129-3107-5.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Dolkart, Andrew S.; Postal, Matthew A. (2009). Postal, Matthew A. (ed.). Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1.
  12. ^ "Western Union, 23rd Street and 5th Avenue" Forgotten New York (October 16, 2013)
  13. ^ "1845 Broadway" Archived October 13, 2019, at the Wayback Machine on the Hardenbergh database
  14. ^ "Great Architects of New York: Henry J. Hardenbergh". Archived from the original on March 25, 2015. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  15. ^ Carpentry and Building Sept. 1903: 228.
  16. ^ "Lord and Taylor and the Plaza Hotel"
  17. ^ McClenahan, Howard (September 2, 2010). "The Palmer Physical Laboratory". Science. 32 (818): 289–295. doi:10.1126/science.32.818.289. JSTOR 1634678. PMID 17829831.
  18. ^ "Downtown Stamford Historic District" National Register of Historic Places / Inventory-Nomination Form
  19. ^ ""Palmer Stadium"". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved July 31, 2006.

External links[edit]