Henry Johnson (Buffalo Soldier)
Sergeant Henry Johnson
June 11, 1850|
|Died||January 31, 1904(aged 53)|
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Unit||9th Cavalry Regiment|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Henry Johnson (June 11, 1850 – January 31, 1904) was a Buffalo Soldier in the United States Army and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in the Indian Wars of the western United States.
He was awarded the Medal of Honor at Fort Robinson on September 22, 1890, for his actions during the Battle of Milk Creek against the Ute Indians from October 2-5, 1879 in Colorado. His Medal of Honor citation reads:
Voluntarily left fortified shelter and under heavy fire at close range made the rounds of the pits to instruct the guards, fought his way to the creek and back to bring water to the wounded.— Indian War Period Medal of Honor recipients, 22 September 1890
At the time of the awarding, he was a private. He had been promoted to sergeant for the third time in 1889, but was demoted after tangling with a bartender at Fort Robinson.
Johnson was a sergeant in Company D. He was cited for twice leaving his position under heavy fire, first to check on his men, then, on October 4, going to the nearby Milk River to obtain water for them. However, some have questioned whether he was under fire when he went for water.
- List of Medal of Honor recipients for the Indian Wars
- List of African American Medal of Honor recipients
- Schubert, Frank N (1997). "Ten Troopers: Buffalo Soldier Medal of Honor Men Who Served at Fort Robinson" (PDF). Nebraska History. Nebraska State Historical Society (78): 151–157. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
- "Indian War Period Medal of Honor recipients". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. July 30, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- "Medal of Honor Recipients: Arlington National Cemetery" (PDF). Arlington National Cemetery. Retrieved May 16, 2015.