Henry Kitchener, 3rd Earl Kitchener

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Major Henry Herbert Kitchener, 3rd Earl Kitchener DL TD (24 February 1919 – 16 December 2011), styled Viscount Broome from 1928 to 1937, was a British peer. He was the son of Captain Henry Franklin Chevallier Kitchener, Viscount Broome, only son of Henry Kitchener, 2nd Earl Kitchener. His great-uncle was the renowned military commander Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener.

Life and career[edit]

He was educated at Winchester and Trinity College, Cambridge. He succeeded his grandfather in the earldom on 27 March 1937. In 1937, he was a Page of Honour to King George VI at his coronation.[1] Lord Kitchener served in the Royal Corps of Signals, retiring with the rank of major, and was President of the Lord Kitchener National Memorial Fund from 1950 until his death. In 1972, he served as Deputy Lieutenant of Cheshire.[2] Like his uncle before him, he was an English Freemason. He was a Vice President of The Western Front Association.[3]

Lord Kitchener's interest in the application of evidence-based research was demonstrated by his role of President and a Trustee of the Institute for Food, Brain and Behaviour[4] (formerly Natural Justice) a UK charity conducting scientific research into the effects of nutrition on brain function and behaviour. Kitchener was associated with the charity for over 20 years serving under two chairmen, the late Bishop Hugh Montefiore and the current chairman, Mrs Frances Jackson. He took a keen, detailed, interest in IFBB's scientific work, interrogating scientists robustly at Board Meetings on the progress of their research and was a keen and perceptive reader of academic journal articles and papers.

Henry Kitchener was also a committed supporter of the organic movement and took up a role with the charity Garden Organic[5] (formerly the Henry Doubleday Research Association - HDRA). Having joined the charity’s founder, Lawrence Hills’, band of enthusiasts in July 1958, as member number 171, Henry Kitchener became its president in 1973, a position he was to occupy for the next thirty-five years. In 2008, during Garden Organic’s 50th anniversary year, Earl Kitchener left the organisation as President and was replaced by Professor Tim Lang. However Earl Kitchener remained interested in the organic movement and regularly wrote and updated the organisation whenever a subject arose that he felt passionately about.

Lord Kitchener was a qualified physicist. He spent most of his working life with ICI at Winnington, Cheshire.[6] He was unmarried and when he died[6] the title Earl Kitchener became extinct.[7]

Succession Question[edit]

His niece Emma Joy Kitchener LVO (2000) (born 1963), a Lady-in-Waiting to HRH Princess Michael of Kent, married Julian Fellowes on 28 April 1990. On 15 October 1998 the Fellowes family changed its surname from Fellowes to Kitchener-Fellowes.[8][9][10] She is also a great-grandniece of Herbert, 1st Earl Kitchener.[11]

Lord Fellowes publicly expressed his dissatisfaction that the proposals to change the rules of royal succession were not extended to hereditary peerages, which had they been would have allowed his wife to succeed her uncle as The Countess Kitchener in her own right. Or as he put it "I find it ridiculous that, in 2011, a perfectly sentient adult woman has no rights of inheritance whatsoever when it comes to a hereditary title"[12] Instead, the title became extinct on her uncle's death because there were no male heirs. On 9 May 2012, The Queen issued a Royal Warrant of Precedence granting Lady Emma Fellowes the same rank and style as the daughter of an Earl, as would have been due to her if her late father had survived his brother and therefore succeeded to the earldom.[13] Specifically it declared that Lady Fellowes "shall henceforth have, hold and enjoy the same title, rank, place, pre-eminence and precedence as a daughter of an Earl" as she would have received if her father had survived her uncle and "succeeded to the title and dignity of Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome."[14]

Arms[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 34453". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 November 1937. p. 7051. 
  2. ^ "No. 45572". The London Gazette. 13 January 1972. p. 449. 
  3. ^ "Home". 
  4. ^ Charity Commission. INSTITUTE FOR FOOD, BRAIN AND BEHAVIOUR, registered charity no. 517817. 
  5. ^ "gardenorganic.org.uk". 
  6. ^ a b "Earl Kitchener of Khartoum". London: Telegraph. 23 December 2011. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  7. ^ "Why Princess Beatrice said no to the Queen". 
  8. ^ "No. 55307". The London Gazette. 10 November 1998. p. 12197. 
  9. ^ Lynn, Barber (28 November 2004). "Jolly good Fellowes". The Observer. London, UK. Retrieved 20 July 2010. 
  10. ^ Fellowes, Julian (December 2012). "The Most Happy Fellowes". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 9 November 2012. 
  11. ^ Mosley, Charles (ed.) (2003). Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 107th edn. London: Burke's Peerage & Gentry Ltd. p. 2207 (KITCHENER OF KHARTOUM AND OF BROOME, E). ISBN 0-9711966-2-1. 
  12. ^ "Julian Fellowes: inheritance laws denying my wife a title are outrageous". 
  13. ^ "London Gazette". 23 May 2012. p. 9975. 
  14. ^ "No. 60152". The London Gazette. 23 May 2012. p. 9975. 

References[edit]

  • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]

External links[edit]

Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Kitchener
Earl Kitchener
1937–2011
Extinct