Henry Krips (conductor)
Henry Maria Krips, MBE (10 February 1912 –25 January 1987) was an Austrian-Australian conductor and composer, best known for his 23-year record term (1949–72) as principal conductor of the South Australian Symphony Orchestra (it had been founded in 1936 as the Adelaide Symphony Orchestra and reverted to that name in 1975). He is credited with introducing the works of Gustav Mahler to Australian audiences.
Life and career
Henry Krips was born in Vienna in 1912 as Heinrich Josef Krips; his brother was the conductor Josef Krips. His father was a Jewish-born convert to Catholicism, and his mother was from a Catholic family. He studied at the Vienna Conservatory, and made his début in 1932 at the Burgtheater there. After the 1938 Anschluss, as his brother Josef left Vienna for Belgrade, Heinrich Krips emigrated to Australia. He formed the Krips-de Vries Opera Company there, and also served as musical director for the Kirsova Ballet in Sydney in 1941. He was naturalised in 1944 and changed his first name to Henry.
From 1947 Krips worked for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. He was the main conductor of the West Australian Symphony Orchestra (Perth) from 1948 to 1972, and the principal conductor of the then-named South Australian Symphony Orchestra (Adelaide) from 1949 to 1972. For more than 20 years he played a leading part in Australian and New Zealand musical life. In 1955 Alfred Hill dedicated to Krips his Symphony No. 4.
Henry Krips was also active as a composer. He wrote the score for the 1949 film Sons of Matthew. In 1951 there was a competition for a new national anthem to celebrate the golden jubilee of the Federation of Australia. Krips's entry This Land of Mine won the competition, but was not taken up as the national anthem. His other compositions include opera, ballets, numerous songs and instrumental pieces.
In 1972 he moved to London, where he had appeared as a guest conductor with the Sadler's Wells Opera from 1967, and conducted occasional concerts. His performances of Johann Strauss and Franz Lehár were particularly admired.
- Robyn Holmes: Through the opera glass. A chronological register of opera performed in South Australia 1836 to 1988. Friends of the State Opera of South Australia, Adelaide 1991.
- Alain Pâris: Dictionnaire des interprètes et de l’interprétation musicale au XX siecle. Éditions Robert Laffont, Paris 1989.
- Stefan Jaeger: Das Atlantisbuch der Dirigenten. Atlantis Musikbuch-Verlag, Zurich 1985