Henry M. Littlefield (June 12, 1933 – March 30, 2000) was an American educator, author and historian most notable for his claim that L. Frank Baum's The Wonderful Wizard of Oz was a political satire, founding a long tradition of political interpretations of this book. He wrote an essay to this effect for his high-school students in Mount Vernon, New York, and published it in the American Quarterly in 1964.
- "The Wizard of Oz: Parable on Populism", American Quarterly, Vol. 16, No. 1. (Spring, 1964), pp. 47-58.
- Dighe, Ranjit S. The Historian's Wizard of Oz: Reading L. Frank Baum's Classic As a Political and Monetary Allegory. Westport, Conn: Praeger, 2002.
- Thomas Singer. The Vision Thing: Myth, Politics, and Psyche in the World Routledge, 2000. p.63
- Goodwin, Jason. Greenback: The Almighty Dollar and the Invention of America. New York: Henry Holt, 2003. p.281
- Schlesinger, Arthur M. A Life in the Twentieth Century. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2000. p.64
- online essay by Littlefield at the Wayback Machine (archived February 20, 2003)
- Page contains Littlefield's essay on the origin of his famous article
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