Charles Loyd

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Sir Charles Loyd
Nickname(s) "Budget Loyd"
Born 12 February 1891
Belgravia, Westminster, London, England
Died 11 November 1973
Mettingham, Suffolk, England
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1910–47
Rank General
Unit Coldstream Guards
Commands held London District
Southern Command
2nd Infantry Division
1st Guards Brigade
3rd Battalion, Coldstream Guards
Battles/wars First World War
Second World War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Military Cross
Croix de guerre (France)

General Sir Henry Charles Loyd, GCVO, KCB, DSO, MC, DL (12 February 1891 – 11 November 1973), nicknamed "Budget Loyd",[1] was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the world wars.

Military career[edit]

Born on 12 February 1891, son of Edward Henry Loyd, he was educated at Eton[2] and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst and was commissioned into the Coldstream Guards as a second lieutenant on 3 September 1910.[3] He served on the Western Front during the Great War with the 2nd Battalion, Coldstream Guards, then part of the 4th (Guards) Brigade of the 2nd Division, and was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO),[4] the Military Cross and the French Croix de guerre.[5]

He was appointed commanding officer CO of the 3rd Battalion, Coldstream Guards in 1929, and was promoted to regimental commander in 1932.[6] In 1934, he became a General Staff Officer (GSO) at the War Office, moving on to be a brigadier on the General Staff of British Troops in Egypt in 1936.[6] In 1938, he was appointed commander of the 1st (Guards) Brigade, then part of the 1st Infantry Division.[6]

In June 1939 he was appointed General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the 2nd Infantry Division, three months before the outbreak of the Second World War.[7] His division was sent to France soon after war began, where it formed part of I Corps of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). The division fought in the Battle of France and the subsequent retreat to Dunkirk where it was withdrawn to England in the Dunkirk evacuation. However, on 16 May 1940, he fainted during a conference and was evacuated to England, with command of the 2nd Division passing to Brigadier Noel Irwin, commander of the 6th Infantry Brigade. In 1941, he became Chief of the General Staff (CGS) to General Sir Alan Brooke, the Commander-in-Chief, Home Forces, before moving on to be General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GOC-in-C) Southern Command in March 1942.[7] His last appointment was as Major-General commanding the Brigade of Guards and GOC London District in March 1944, a post from which he retired in 1947.[7]

In retirement he was a Deputy Lieutenant of Norfolk.[8] He lived at Geldeston Hall in Norfolk.[8]

Family[edit]

Grave in Peper Harow, Surrey.

He married Moyra Brodrick,[9] a daughter of St John Brodrick, 1st Earl of Midleton; they had one son and one daughter.[10]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Smart, Nick (2005). Biographical Dictionary of British Generals of the Second World War. Barnesley: Pen & Sword. ISBN 1844150496. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Field Marshal Lord Alanbrooke, War Diaries 1939–1945 (University of California Press, 2003), at page 137
  2. ^ Smart, p. 195
  3. ^ "No. 28412". The London Gazette. 2 September 1910. p. 6333. 
  4. ^ "Coldstream Guards officers awards, WW1". Northeastmedals.co.uk. 1921-01-21. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  5. ^ "No. 30306". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 September 1917. p. 9946. 
  6. ^ a b c Generals.dk
  7. ^ a b c Order of Battle
  8. ^ a b "No. 40170". The London Gazette. 11 May 1954. p. 2776. 
  9. ^ Auction: Lot 41: Jacob More, 1740 – 1793 The Rape of Deianera; and Rest on the Flight to Egypt a pair, oil on canvas, laid down on board, oval
  10. ^ Peerage.com
Military offices
Preceded by
Henry Wilson
GOC 2nd Infantry Division
1939–1940
Succeeded by
Noel Irwin
Preceded by
Sir Harold Alexander
GOC-in-C Southern Command
1942–1944
Succeeded by
Sir William Morgan
Preceded by
Sir Arthur Smith
GOC London District
1944–1947
Succeeded by
Sir John Marriott
Succeeded by
Sir John Marriott
Preceded by
Sir Alfred Codrington
Colonel of the Coldstream Guards
1945–1966
Succeeded by
Sir George Burns