Henry Luttrell, 2nd Earl of Carhampton
|The Earl of Carhampton|
The Earl of Carhampton
|Born||7 August 1743|
|Died||25 April 1821
|Allegiance||Kingdom of Great Britain|
|Years of service||1757–1798|
|Battles/wars||Seven Years' War
United Irishmen Rebellion
General Henry Lawes Luttrell, 2nd Earl of Carhampton PC (7 August 1743 – 25 April 1821) was a politician and soldier. He was the son of Simon Luttrell, 1st Earl of Carhampton, and brother-in-law of Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn.
In 1762, during the Seven Years' War, he became Deputy Adjutant-General of the British Forces in Portugal. In 1768 he became a Tory Member of Parliament in for the village of Bossiney, Cornwall. Then in 1769 he became Member of Parliament for Middlesex defeating John Wilkes in controversial circumstances; Wilkes outpolled him by a large margin, but the House of Commons declared that Luttrell "should have been returned" and seated him. As a reward for unseating Wilkes he was made Adjutant-General for Ireland in 1770. He then became active in Irish politics and between 1783 and 1787, he sat in the Irish House of Commons for Old Leighlin.
Luttrell succeeded to the Earldom and other titles on the death of his father in 1787. Meanwhile, he became Colonel of the 6th Dragoon Guards and Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance in Ireland. He re-entered the Westminster Parliament as Member for Plympton Erle in 1790. Then in 1796 he was made Commander-in-Chief, Ireland and in 1798 he led the British suppression of the United Irishmen Rebellion.
When the Dublin Post of 2 May 1811 erroneously reported his death, he demanded a retraction which they printed under the headline Public Disappointment.
He briefly married Elizabeth Mullen in 1759, and had a daughter, Harriet Luttrell. This marriage was later annulled.
- A. F. Blackstock, ‘Luttrell, Henry Lawes, second earl of Carhampton (1737–1821)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
- The rejection of Wilkes and selection of Luttrell by the House of Commons preoccupied parliament and the nation. The debates were emotional, and illustrated the weakness of the ministries leading up to the American revolution. See e.g. 16 Parliamentary History of England, London: Hansard, 1813, pp. 424-28, 532-96. At the polls, Luttrell received 296 votes to 1143 for Wilkes, as his counsel acknowledged, id. at 589, at a hearing before commons rejected a petition by the voters who said the majority "would not by any means have chosen to be represented by the said Henry Lawes Luttrell, esq.; ... he cannot sit as the representative of said county in parliament, without manifest infringement of the rights and privileges" of the voters. Id. at 588. Note this source is available for free download from Google books.
- Ask about Ireland Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- Enchanting Ireland Archived 7 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Henry Luttrell