Henry Lygon, 4th Earl Beauchamp
General Henry Beauchamp Lygon, 4th Earl Beauchamp DL (5 January 1784 – 8 September 1863), styled The Honourable Henry Lygon from 1806 until 1853, was a British soldier and politician.
Beauchamp was the third son of William Lygon, 1st Earl Beauchamp, by his wife Catharine, the only daughter of James Denn. He was educated at Christ Church, Oxford and entered the British Army in 1803.
From 1809, Beauchamp served with his regiment the 16th Light Dragoons in the Peninsular War until its end in 1814. He took part in the First Battle of Porto and then in the Battle of Talavera. After the Battle of the Côa in 1810, he was wounded in the Battle of Bussaco. Beauchamp was promoted to major-general in 1837 and received colonelship of the 10th Royal Hussars in 1843. Three years later he became lieutenant-general and finally general in 1853.
Apart from his military career Beauchamp also entered the British House of Commons in 1816, sitting as Member of Parliament for Worcestershire until 1831. He represented the county also as a Deputy Lieutenant. Beauchamp was returned to the House for the newly established constituency Worcestershire West in 1832, holding the seat until 1853. In that year he succeeded his elder brother John in the earldom and took his seat in the House of Lords.
Lord Beauchamp married Lady Susan Caroline, second daughter of William Eliot, 2nd Earl of St Germans, in 1824. They had three sons and three daughters. Lady Susan died in January 1835, aged 37. Lord Beauchamp remained a widower until his death in September 1863, aged 79. He was succeeded in the earldom by his second but eldest surviving son, Henry.
Styles of address
- 1784—1806: Mr Henry Lygon
- 1806—1816: The Honourable Henry Lygon
- 1816—1831: The Honourable Henry Lygon MP
- 1831—1832: The Honourable Henry Lygon
- 1832—1837: The Honourable Henry Lygon MP
- 1837—1843: Major-General The Honourable Henry Lygon MP
- 1843—1846: Colonel The Honourable Henry Lygon MP
- 1846—1853: Lieutenant-General The Honourable Henry Lygon MP
- 1853—1863: General The Right Honourable The Earl Beauchamp
- Dod, Robert P. (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. pp. 109–110.
- "General Henry Beauchamp Lygon, 4th Earl Beauchamp". The Peerage. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs [self-published source][better source needed]
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Henry Lygon
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Hon. William Lyttelton
|Member of Parliament for Worcestershire
With: Hon. William Lyttelton 1816–1820
Sir Thomas Winnington, Bt 1820–1830
Hon. Thomas Foley 1830–1831
Hon. Thomas Foley
Hon. Frederick Spencer
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Worcestershire West
With: Hon. Thomas Foley 1832–1833
Henry Jeffreys Winnington 1833–1841
Frederic Winn Knight 1841–1853
Frederic Winn Knight
The Marquess of Londonderry
|Colonel of the 10th (Prince of Wales's Own Royal) Hussars
Edward, Prince of Wales
The Lord Seaton
|Colonel of the 2nd Regiment of Life Guards
The Marquess of Tweeddale
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
John Reginald Pyndar