Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland
|2nd Earl of Rutland|
Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland, mid-1670s, by Jeremiah van der Eyden, Belvoir Castle
|Father||Thomas Manners, 1st Earl of Rutland|
|Born||23 September 1526|
|Died||17 September 1563
Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland, 14th Baron de Ros of Helmsley, KG (23 September 1526 – 17 September 1563) was an English nobleman. He also held the title of 13th Baron de Ros of Hamlake, a title to which he acceded in 1543.
Like his father, Earl Henry held many offices. As Warden of the Scottish Marches he reprieved the town of Haddington in June 1549, and recaptured Ferniehirst Castle. Whilst anxious to return home on account of his mother's ill-health in November 1549, he was required to investigate the activities of Thomas Wyndham a sailor who had captured merchant vessels in the Forth. In December 1549, his mother-in-law, the Dowager of Westmorland, complained to him that he had established a garrison of Italian soldiers at Bywell, one her villages. He was Captain-general of the cavalry at the siege of St Quentin under Mary I of England. Under Elizabeth I he served successfully and she made him Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire and Rutland, Knight of the Garter and President of the North. Not long before his premature death he completed the building of Belvoir Castle.
After the untimely death of Edward VI in 1553, and the subsequent death of Edward Courtenay 1st Earl of Devon in 1556, Rutland stood as Heir presumptive as the senior male descendent of Richard 3rd Duke of York. James VI/I, the son of Mary Queen of Scots would not be born until 1566. His descent can be traced through Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter.
Marriage and progeny
He married twice:
- Firstly on 3 July 1536 to Margaret Neville (died 1559), daughter of Ralph Neville, 4th Earl of Westmorland by whom he had three children:
- Secondly after Margaret's death, he married Bridget, the widow of Richard Morrison. Her third husband was Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford.
Death and burial
His tomb, in the centre of the chancel next to that of his father, is of alabaster and considered unique. The effigies lie beneath a decorated example of an Elizabethan dining table on heavy carved legs, suggesting an attempt to represent a communion table. Earl Henry is depicted in armour of conventional pattern except that the breast plate is made up of laminated plates. He wears a coronet and his head is supported on a tilt-heaume. He is wearing a chain nearly reaching his thighs, and the Order of the Garter is on the left leg. He holds a closed book in his right hand and a sword in his left. At his feet is a hornless unicorn. His wife, Margaret, also wears a coronet and is dressed in the style of the time, with an ermine-trimmed mantle. Her head rests on a scroll and her feet on a lion.
- Archbold 1893.
- Merriman, Marcus, The Rough Wooings, Tuckwell (2000), 340.
- HMC (1888), 50, 52, 53.
- Archbold, William Arthur Jobson (1893). "Manners, Henry". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 36. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Historical Manuscripts Commission, 12th Report, Appendix part 4, Manuscripts of the Duke of Rutland at Belvoir Castle, vol. 1(1888)
- familysearch.org Accessed 2 June 2007
- stirnet.com Accessed 2 June 2007
|Peerage of England|
|Earl of Rutland
|Baron de Ros