Henry Middleton (governor)

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Henry Middleton
United States Minister to Russia
In office
June 17, 1821 – August 3, 1830
PresidentJames Monroe
Preceded byGeorge Washington Campbell
Succeeded byJohn Randolph
(did not present credentials)
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1815 – March 3, 1819
Preceded byLangdon Cheves
Succeeded byCharles Pinckney
43rd Governor of South Carolina
In office
December 8, 1810 – December 10, 1812
LieutenantEldred Simkins
Preceded byJohn Drayton
Succeeded byJoseph Alston
Member of the South Carolina State Senate from St. Phillip's and St. Michael's Parish
In office
November 26, 1810 – December 8, 1810
Alongside James Kennedy
Preceded byJohn Blake
Succeeded byJohn Johnson
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from St. Phillip's and St. Michael's Parish
In office
November 22, 1802 – November 26, 1810
Personal details
Born(1770-09-28)September 28, 1770
London, England, Great Britain
DiedJune 14, 1846(1846-06-14) (aged 75)
Charleston, South Carolina
Political partyDemocratic-Republican (until 1830)
Other political
Union Party of South Carolina (1830–onward)
Professionplanter, politician

Henry Middleton (September 28, 1770 – June 14, 1846) was an American planter and political leader from Charleston, South Carolina. He was the 43rd Governor of South Carolina (1810–1812), represented South Carolina in the U. S. Congress (1815–1819). He served as Minister to Russia (1820–1830), being sent there in the first instance to replace George Washington Campbell so as to look after slave-owners' interests in the discussions preparatory to arbitration by Czar Alexander I on the question of compensation under Article 1 of the Treaty of Ghent as regards enslaved Americans who went away with British during and after the War of 1812.[1]

His father (Arthur Middleton) and his grandfather (Henry Middleton) had both served in the Continental Congress. Son - Williams Middleton. He had 14 children with wife Mary Helen Hering. 10 of their children lived into adulthood, including his youngest son Edward Middleton.

His summer home at Greenville from 1813-1820, known as Whitehall, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1969.[2] He and his family also spent some of their summer in Newport, RI staying at Stone Villa (demolished in 1957).


  1. ^ Harold E. Berquist, Jr (1981): Henry Middleton and the Arbitrament of the Anglo-American Slave Controversy by Tsar Alexander I, The South Carolina Historical Magazine Vol. 82, No. 1 (Jan., 1981), pp. 20-31
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
John Drayton
Governor of South Carolina
Succeeded by
Joseph Alston
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Langdon Cheves
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st congressional district

Succeeded by
Charles Pinckney
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
George Washington Campbell
U.S. Minister to Russia
Succeeded by
John Randolph
(did not present credentials)