Henry Morgan (humorist)
Morgan (late 1940s-early 1950s)
|Birth name||Henry Lerner Van Ost Jr.|
|Born||March 31, 1915|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Died||May 19, 1994 (aged 79)|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Genres||Humorist, comedian, game show panelist|
Isobel Gibbs Morgan
(m. 1946; div. 1948)
Karen Sorensen (m. 1978–1994)
Henry Morgan (born Henry Lerner Van Ost Jr.; March 31, 1915 – May 19, 1994) was an American humorist. He first became familiar to radio audiences in the 1930s and 1940s as a barbed but often self-deprecating satirist; in the 1950s and later, he was a regular and cantankerous panelist on the game show I've Got a Secret as well as other game and talk shows. Morgan was a second cousin of Broadway lyricist and librettist Alan Jay Lerner.
He began his radio career as a page at New York City station WMCA in 1932, after which he held a number of obscure radio jobs, including announcing. He strenuously objected to the professional name "Morgan". What was wrong with his own name, Henry van Ost, Jr.? he asked. Too exotic, too unpronounceable, he was told. "What about the successful announcers Harry von Zell or Westbrook Van Voorhis?" he countered. But it was no use, and the bosses finally told Henry he could take the job or leave it. Thus began a long history of Henry's having arguments with executives.
In 1940, he was offered a daily 15-minute series on Mutual Broadcasting System's flagship station, WOR. This show was a 15-minute comedy, which he opened almost invariably with "Good evening, anybody; here's Morgan."
In his memoir, Here's Morgan (1994), he wrote that he devised that introduction as a dig at popular singer Kate Smith, who "...started her show with a condescending, 'Hello, everybody.' I, on the other hand, was happy if anybody listened in." He mixed barbed ad libs, satirizing daily life's foibles, with novelty records, including those of Spike Jones. Morgan stated that Jones sent him his newest records in advance of market dates because he played them so often.
Morgan appeared in the December 1944 CBS Radio original broadcast of Norman Corwin's play, The Plot to Overthrow Christmas, taking several minor roles including the narrator, Ivan the Terrible and Simon Legree. He repeated his performance in the December 1944 production of the play.
Morgan targeted his sponsors freely. One early sponsor had been Adler Shoe Stores, which came close to canceling its account after Morgan started making references to "Old Man Adler" on the air; the chain changed its mind after it was learned business spiked upward, with many new patrons asking to meet Old Man Adler. Morgan had to read an Adler commercial heralding the new fall line of colors; Morgan thought the colors were dreadful, and said he wouldn't wear them to a dogfight, but perhaps the listeners would like them. Old Man Adler demanded a retraction on the air. Morgan obliged: "I would wear them to a dogfight." Morgan later recalled with bemusement, "It made him happy."
Later, he moved to ABC in a half-hour weekly format that allowed Morgan more room to develop and expand his topical, often ad-libbed satires, hitting popular magazines, soap operas, schools, the BBC, baseball, summer resorts, government snooping, and landlords. His usual signoff was, "Morgan'll be here on the same corner in front of the cigar store next week."
He continued to target sponsors whose advertising copy rankled him, and those barbs didn't always sit well with his new sponsors, either. He is alleged to have said of his sponsor's Oh Henry! candy bar (after exhorting listeners to try one), "Eat two, and your teeth will fall out." When Eversharp sponsored his show to promote both Eversharp pens and Schick injector razor blades, Morgan threw this in during a show satirizing American schools: "They're educational. Try one. That'll teach you." He also altered the company's Schick injector blade slogan "Push-pull, click-click" to "Push-pull, nick-nick." Eversharp finally dropped him in December 1947, as radio historian John Dunning related in On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio, citing what they called "flabby material," to which Morgan—picked up promptly by Rayve Shampoo—replied, on the air, "It's not my show, it's their razor."
Life Savers candy, another early Morgan sponsor, dropped him after he accused them of fraud for what amounted to hiding the holes in the famous life saver ring-shaped sweets. "I claimed that if the manufacturer would give me all those centers," Morgan remembered later, "I would market them as Morgan's Mint Middles and say no more about it." Dunning has noted that Morgan also started describing his "mint middles" flavors as "cement, asphalt and asbestos." Notwithstanding, Morgan enjoyed a last laugh of a sort: ABC had been founded by Life Savers chief Edward Noble—who had bought and renamed NBC Blue as ABC, after NBC was forced to sell the Blue Network following a federal anti-trust ruling.
ABC afforded Morgan his first exposure on television as host of a low-key variety series, On The Corner, produced at affiliate station WFIL-TV in Philadelphia (ABC's New York station and production center was still under construction) and aired on the fledgling TV network as a summer series in 1948. True to his iconoclasm, he satirized his sponsors during the short run of that show as he had so often done on radio.
Veteran radio announcer Ed Herlihy, a friend of Morgan, remembered him to radio historian Gerald Nachman (in Raised on Radio): "He was ahead of his time, but he was also hurt by his own disposition. He was very difficult. He was so brilliant that he'd get exasperated and he'd sulk. He was a great mind who never achieved the success he should have." Nachman wrote of Morgan that he was radio's "first true rebel because — like many comics who go for the jugular, from Lenny Bruce to Roseanne Barr — he didn't know when to quit."
Morgan had his fans and his professional admirers, including authors Robert Benchley and James Thurber, fellow radio humorists Fred Allen, Jack Benny, and Fanny Brice, future Today Show host Dave Garroway, and Red Skelton. Morgan, for his part, claimed Allen as a primary influence; Allen often had Morgan as a guest on his own radio hit, including and especially the final Fred Allen Show in 1949, in a sketch that also featured Jack Benny. ("If Fred Allen bit the hand that fed him," Nachman wrote, "Henry Morgan tried to bite off the whole arm.") Morgan's byline appeared in three 1950s issues of the similarly sardonic Mad magazine.
Another supporter was Arnold Stang, who worked as one of his second bananas on the ABC shows and was known later as the voice of Hanna-Barbera's Top Cat. "He was a masochist, a neurotic man," Stang told Nachman about his former boss. "When things were going well for him, he would do something to destroy himself. He just couldn't deal with success. He'd had an unhappy childhood that warped him a little and gave him a sour outlook on life. He had no close friends." Stang also claimed Morgan's first wife "kept him deeply in debt and refused to give him a divorce"; the divorce occurred in due course, and Morgan remarried happily enough.
Morgan was briefly blacklisted after his name appeared in the infamous anti-Communist pamphlet, Red Channels. That he was any kind of Communist sympathizer was a dubious proposition at best; Nachman noted Morgan's listing sprang from his former wife's leftist affiliations, and Morgan himself confirmed it in his memoir:
- All her information came from friends whose conversation leaned sharply away from their relatively high incomes, which, apparently, they found to be embarrassing in a world that harbored poor people. Their chosen method of being helpful was to attend meetings at one another's homes and discuss the problems of the hungry hordes after dinner. I am not trying to be amusing; it's what they really did. A Party member was usually invited to lead the discussions. I was apolitical. To some, that meant that I was either stupid or "inner-directed"—which meant according to them that I didn't care about my fellow man. What I really didn't care about was the four or five of her friends who later became known as the Hollywood Ten.
Morgan had married Isobel Gibb on August 17, 1946 in Las Vegas, Nevada. By 1948, they were separated. During an appearance on Late Night with David Letterman in 1982, Morgan told Letterman that she was still trying to sue him for more money.
Morgan revealed in his memoir that one of his cousins had been a Communist Party member until the Hitler-Stalin Pact caused him to break with the Party, and that this cousin had told investigators Morgan hadn't been a Party member. This cousin, Morgan continued, had decided to cooperate heavily with investigators "when he learned that his agent, a Party member, had refused to accept assignments for him; his doctor, another Red, knowing of (his) bad heart, had recommended that he play tennis. The Party tried to rape him. It was enough to ruin his faith, it was. He decided to kill them, that was all." Morgan himself was cleared soon enough, and he resumed his broadcasting career.
So This Is New York and early TV shows
Morgan made one movie in which he had the lead role, producer Stanley Kramer's sophisticated comedy So This Is New York (1948), which also featured Arnold Stang and was loosely based upon Ring Lardner's 1920 novel The Big Town. Though Morgan and the film received favorable critical reviews, it didn't go over as well with the public as his radio and later television work did.
In 1948, the fledgling ABC Television Network put Morgan on the air with On the Corner, which lasted for five weeks. In 1949, NBC television gave him his own show, The Henry Morgan Show. In 1951, Morgan had a short-lived TV show on NBC, Henry Morgan's Great Talent Hunt, which replaced the NBC variety series Versatile Varieties, and which ran from January 26 to June 1, 1951. The show started out as a take-off on The Original Amateur Hour, and featured Kaye Ballard (in her TV debut), Art Carney, Pert Kelton, and Arnold Stang as "Gerard" who supposedly recruited the "talent" for Morgan.
On April 20, NBC changed the show's title and format to The Henry Morgan Show, a comedy-variety show with singers Dorothy Claire and Dorothy Jarnac providing musical numbers between the comedy skits.
Morgan also appeared as Brooklyn assistant district attorney Burton Turkus in the gangster film Murder, Inc. (1960), playing in a cast that included Stuart Whitman, May Britt, and Peter Falk. A year earlier, he hosted the short-lived syndicated television program Henry Morgan and Company, which All-Movie Guide has called a kind of precursor to David Letterman's style of irreverent television.
Morgan's longest-lasting television image, however, was struck in June 1952, when he was invited to join CBS's I've Got a Secret, produced by game show giants Mark Goodson and Bill Todman. Morgan's tenure on the show was marked by his periodic complaints about the (allegedly) horrid conditions in which he had to work, in between firing questions at the show's guests with the secrets. Morgan's mordant wit played well against the upbeat personalities of the other panelists, and producer Allan Sherman would deliberately stage elaborate "secrets" involving Morgan personally. On one occasion in 1958, after Sherman had left Morgan short on material and with several minutes left to fill, Morgan went on an extended rant against Sherman; Sherman was fired almost immediately thereafter. On various occasions, Morgan was:
- sent to Africa;
- dispatched to an undisclosed location in the Caribbean to try Edward O. Thorp's card counting system for blackjack;
- partially undressed on the air while trying to read a dramatic script (and to his credit, his composure didn't break once during the bedlam);
- given a job by cowboy Roy Rogers on his San Fernando Valley ranch in California;
- given janitorial equipment and told to clean up a messy, confetti-strewn theater stage;
- assigned to caddy for noted golfer Arnold Palmer in a charity golf tournament;
- dressed as Santa Claus by former panelist Faye Emerson, then told to deliver presents that night to children who had written letters to Santa;
- sold a hot dog by Paul Newman at a World Series game at Ebbets Field.
Still, he stayed with the show for its original 14-season run and rejoined it when it was revived twice: in syndication in 1972, and on CBS once more for a brief 1976 summer run.
On and off and on the air
Morgan continued radio appearances, most often on the NBC weekend show NBC Monitor (1955–70), which also afforded the final airings to longtime radio favorites Fibber McGee and Molly, until co-star Marian Jordan's death, as well as playing guest panelist on other game shows produced by the Goodson-Todman team—including What's My Line?, To Tell the Truth, and The Match Game. Morgan also took a turn hosting a radio quiz show, Sez Who, in 1959; the quiz involved guessing the famous voices making memorable comments that had been recorded over the years.
Morgan had three bylines in MAD Magazine in 1957-58, during the period when the magazine was adapting work from humorists like Bob and Ray, Ernie Kovacs and Sid Caesar. In the 1960s, Morgan was seen at times on the legendary weekly news satire That Was The Week That Was in 1964–65, made numerous appearances in the early years of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, and became a regular cast member of the short-lived but respected James Thurber-based comedy series, My World and Welcome to It in 1969. He was also a contestant on a 1963 edition of To Tell the Truth, in which he successfully fooled the panelists into thinking he was former Polish spy-turned-author Pawel Monet.
During the 1970s, he wrote humorous commentaries for national magazines. His radio career gained an early-1980s revival in his native New York City, thanks to his two-and-a-half-minute The Henry Morgan Show commentaries, broadcast twice daily on WNEW-AM (now WBBR) starting in January 1981. The following year, he added the Saturday evening show Morgan and the Media on WOR. In what might be called inadvertent iconoclasm, Morgan used a 1981 WNEW commentary on pre-inflation prices to sing, rather wistfully, an old Pepsi jingle ("Pepsi-Cola hits the spot/Twelve full ounces, that's a lot/Twice as much for a nickel, too/Pepsi-Cola is the drink for you"). The irony abounded as well, remembering Morgan's controversies with his sponsors in the classic radio days; the only thing wrong with singing that ancient Pepsi jingle was that that day's Morgan commentary was sponsored by rival Coca-Cola.
On October 13, 1972, he turned up as a last-minute fill-in on The Merv Griffin Show, and, getting increasingly irritated by Charo butting in every few seconds and mangling the English language, he finally stood up, told Griffin off, "...you dragged me out of bed because you said you were stuck for a guest, and I have to sit and listen to this nonsensical babble..." and walked off the set. Griffin was, uncharacteristically, completely flustered.
Henry was a guest on the February 8, 1982 fifth episode of the nascent Late Night with David Letterman along with film producer/director Francis Ford Coppola. A curmudgeonly Morgan launched into a rambling account of his ex-wife troubles. Although in mid-interview when it was time for the commercial break, Morgan was gone when the show resumed.
Later life and death
Always known as much for his sarcastic grouchiness as his barbed self-deprecation, Morgan's 1994 memoir, Here's Morgan! The Original Bad Boy of Broadcasting, found him satirizing many of his former co-stars while straining not to examine his professional life beyond a series of in-and-out zaps, asides, and declarative statements—almost as if the reader were listening to a vintage radio satire of Morgan's life. He also edited, with writer and editor Babette Rosmond, Shut Up He Explained, an anthology of Ring Lardner's shorter works (Scribner 1962).
His final national television appearance was on the cable television series Talk Live, in early 1994. A few weeks after that broadcast, Morgan died of lung cancer at age 79.
- Henry Morgan Henry Morgan's Jokebook (Avon, 1955)
- Henry Morgan; Babette Rosmond (Editors) Shut Up He Explained (Scribner, 1962)
- Gerald Gardner (with "Keynote Address" by Henry Morgan) Looks Like A Landslide (Fawcett, 1964)
- Henry Morgan; James Spanfeller, Illus. O-Sono and the Magician's Nephew, and the Elephant (Vanguard Press, 1964)
- Frank Buxton; Bill Owen (Henry Morgan-Introduction) The Big Broadcast: 1920-1950 (Viking Press, 1972)
- Henry Morgan; George Booth Dogs (Houghton Mifflin, 1976)
- Henry Morgan Here's Morgan! The Original Bad Boy of Broadcasting (Barricade Books,1994)
- Henry Morgan, Henry. Here's Morgan! The Original Bad Boy of Broadcasting. New York: Barricade Books, 1994.
- "The Plot to Overthrow Christmas: Norman Corwin", tangentonline.com; accessed August 5, 2017.
- "Peabody Awards for '46 Announced" (PDF). Broadcasting. April 21, 1947. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- Nachman, Gerald. Raised on Radio. New York: Pantheon Books, 1998.
- "Radio's Henry Morgan Faces New Marital Suit", Canton Repository, June 4, 1950.
- "YouTube". www.youtube.com.
- Mueller, Jim (March 29, 2000). "Sherman's March". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 12, 2019.
- "Best Ever to Tell the Truth". YouTube. June 11, 2011. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
- Rosenthal, A.M. (November 23, 1959). "Polish spy chief defects to west". New York Times. New York, N.Y. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
- on YouTube, New York City, February 8, 1982; retrieved June 25, 2014.
- John Crosby, Out of the Blue: A Book About Radio and Television (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1952)