Henry Otis Dwight
|Henry Otis Dwight|
Henry Otis Dwight, ca. 1875
June 3, 1843|
|Died||June 19, 1917
Roselle, New Jersey
Father: Harrison Gray Otis Dwight
Henry Dwight was born in Constantinople, Turkey, the only son of Harrison Gray Otis Dwight. He entered Ohio Wesleyan University but left college in 1861 to enlist in the 20th Ohio Regiment and serve in the American Civil War.
In the spring of 1863, Dwight was part of Grant's invasion of Mississippi at Bruinsburg on the Mississippi River. The invasion preceded the Battle of Port Gibson, and Union troops had taken control of Windsor mansion, where Dwight sketched the only known drawing of the antebellum home.
During the war, Dwight participated in more than thirty engagements, including the siege of Vicksburg (1863), the Atlanta Campaign (1864), and the Savannah Campaign (1864). Shortly before the war ended, Dwight was commissioned a captain and left the military in 1865.
In 1867, Dwight returned to Constantinople as a missionary for the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, where he edited publications of the Turkish language. For 15 years, in the late 1800s, he was the correspondent in Constantinople for the New York Tribune. During the Armenian Massacres of 1894–1896, Dwight had responsibility for guarding missionary interests in Turkey.
He was ordained a minister in 1880, and returned to the United States in 1901, after resigning his commission as a missionary. In 1897, Dwight was conferred the honorary degree of LL.D. by Amherst College. He edited the Report of the Ecumenical Conference on Foreign Missions (1900) and the Encyclopedia of Missions (1904). He was the author of several books:
- Turkish Life in War Time (1881)
- Treaty Rights of American Missionaries in Turkey (1893)
- Constantinople and its Problems (1901)
- Blue Book of Missions (1905; second edition, 1907)
- A Moslem Sir Galahad (1913; second edition, 1914)
- Constantinople Old and New (1915)
Henry Dwight was married three times:
- Mary Bliss (m. 1867–d. 1872)
- Ardelle Griswold (m. 1874–d. 1884)
- Isabella Bliss (m. 1887–d. 1894)
Dwight was the father of one son and five daughters.
Henry Dwight died June 19, 1917, at his home in Roselle, New Jersey.
- The National Cyclopedia of American Biography—Volume X (1900), p. 490, James T. White & Company, New York. Retrieved 2015-05-12.
- The Missionary Review of the World (January to December 1917), p. 558, Missionary Review Publishing Company, Inc., New York. Retrieved 2015-05-12.
- "Battle of Port Gibson". Find the Data—Civil War Battles. Retrieved 2015-05-12.
- "Mississippi History Timeline". Mississippi Department of History and Archives. Retrieved 2015-05-12.
- Henry Otis Dwight and the Armenians, 1893-96, The Consecrated Eminence—The Archives & Special Collections at Amherst College Retrieved 2015-05-12.
- Books by Henry Otis Dwight Retrieved 2015-05-12.
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