Henry Otis Dwight

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Henry Otis Dwight
Henry Otis Dwight ca 1875.jpg
Henry Otis Dwight, ca. 1875
Born (1843-06-03)June 3, 1843
Constantinople, Turkey[1]
Died June 19, 1917(1917-06-19) (aged 74)
Roselle, New Jersey[2]
Occupation missionary, author

Father: Harrison Gray Otis Dwight

Mother: Mary Lane

Henry Otis Dwight, LL.D. (June 3, 1843 – June 19, 1917), was an American missionary and author.


Henry Dwight was born in Constantinople, Turkey, the only son of Harrison Gray Otis Dwight. He entered Ohio Wesleyan University but left college in 1861 to enlist in the 20th Ohio Regiment and serve in the American Civil War.[1]


In the spring of 1863, Dwight was part of Grant's invasion of Mississippi at Bruinsburg on the Mississippi River. The invasion preceded the Battle of Port Gibson, and Union troops had taken control of Windsor mansion, where Dwight sketched the only known drawing of the antebellum home.[3][4]

During the war, Dwight participated in more than thirty engagements, including the siege of Vicksburg (1863), the Atlanta Campaign (1864), and the Savannah Campaign (1864).[1] Shortly before the war ended, Dwight was commissioned a captain and left the military in 1865.[1]


In 1867, Dwight returned to Constantinople as a missionary for the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, where he edited publications of the Turkish language.[2] For 15 years, in the late 1800s, he was the correspondent in Constantinople for the New York Tribune.[1] During the Armenian Massacres of 1894–1896, Dwight had responsibility for guarding missionary interests in Turkey.[1]

He was ordained a minister in 1880, and returned to the United States in 1901, after resigning his commission as a missionary. In 1897, Dwight was conferred the honorary degree of LL.D. by Amherst College.[1] He edited the Report of the Ecumenical Conference on Foreign Missions (1900) and the Encyclopedia of Missions (1904). He was the author of several books:[2]

  • Turkish Life in War Time (1881)
  • Treaty Rights of American Missionaries in Turkey (1893)
  • Constantinople and its Problems (1901)
  • Blue Book of Missions (1905; second edition, 1907)
  • A Moslem Sir Galahad (1913; second edition, 1914)
  • Constantinople Old and New (1915)

Personal life[edit]

Henry Dwight was married three times:[1]

  • Mary Bliss (m. 1867–d. 1872)
  • Ardelle Griswold (m. 1874–d. 1884)
  • Isabella Bliss (m. 1887–d. 1894)

Dwight was the father of one son and five daughters.


Henry Dwight died June 19, 1917, at his home in Roselle, New Jersey.

See also[edit]

Emblem of the United States Department of the Army.svg United States Army portal United states confederate flag hybrid.png American Civil War portal P christianity.svg Christianity portal


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h The National Cyclopedia of American Biography—Volume X (1900), p. 490, James T. White & Company, New York. Retrieved 2015-05-12.
  2. ^ a b c The Missionary Review of the World (January to December 1917), p. 558, Missionary Review Publishing Company, Inc., New York. Retrieved 2015-05-12.
  3. ^ "Battle of Port Gibson". Find the Data—Civil War Battles. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  4. ^ "Mississippi History Timeline". Mississippi Department of History and Archives. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 

External links[edit]