Henry P. Baldwin

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For the co-founder of Alexander & Baldwin of Maui, see Henry Perrine Baldwin.
For the United States Supreme Court justice, see Henry Baldwin (judge).
Henry P. Baldwin
Henry P. Baldwin.png
15th Governor of Michigan
In office
January 6, 1869 – January 1, 1873
Lieutenant Morgan Bates
Preceded by Henry H. Crapo
Succeeded by John J. Bagley
United States Senator
from Michigan
In office
November 17, 1879 – March 4, 1881
Preceded by Zachariah Chandler
Succeeded by Omar D. Conger
Member of the Michigan Senate from the 2nd district
In office
Personal details
Born (1814-02-22)February 22, 1814
Coventry, Rhode Island
Died December 31, 1892(1892-12-31) (aged 78)
Detroit, Michigan
Political party Republican

1. Harriet M. Day

2. Sibyle Lambard
Religion Episcopal

Henry Porter Baldwin (February 22, 1814 – December 31, 1892), a descendant of pilgrim father Nathaniel Baldwin, was the 15th Governor of Michigan and U.S. Senator from the state of Michigan.

Early life in Rhode Island[edit]

Baldwin was born to John and Margaret (Williams) Baldwin in Coventry, Rhode Island and attended the common schools. He worked as a store clerk in Pawtucket from age 12 to age 20, after which he engaged in his own business for several years in Woonsocket. In 1835, he married Harriet M. Day (deceased 1862). He married his second wife, Sibyle Lambard, in 1864, who survived him.

Life and politics in Michigan[edit]

Baldwin moved to Detroit, Michigan, where he established a wholesale business in boots and shoes in 1838. He was a member of the convention which organized the U.S. Republican Party in Jackson, Michigan in 1854. He was influential in organizing the sixth Episcopal parish in the northern outskirts of Detroit on December 27, 1858, and in building St. John's Episcopal Church for the parish. Baldwin donated the church lot and underwrote a large portion of the cost of building a chapel to seat 125 persons (completed November 1859) and paid for the construction of the rectory. He also contributed in large part to the building of the larger 1300 seat nave, completed in 1861. He was the Senior Warden from the parish's founding until his death.

He was director of the Michigan State Bank and president of the Second National Bank of Detroit, 1863-1887. For several years, he was also the director of the Eastern Asylum in Pontiac. He was a member of the Michigan State Senate, 2nd District, 1861-1862. He married his second wife, Sibyle Lambard, on November 21, 1866.

In 1868, Baldwin was elected Governor of Michigan, serving from 1869 to 1873. In 1870, the woman suffrage amendment was passed by the Michigan Legislature, but was vetoed by Baldwin. Four years later, he was appointed and subsequently elected as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Zachariah Chandler, serving from November 17, 1879 to March 4, 1881 alongside Thomas W. Ferry. He became Chairman of the Michigan Republican Party from 1880 to 1882.

Retirement and death[edit]

Baldwin was not a candidate for reelection to the Senate and resumed his former business pursuits, serving as president of the Detroit National Bank, 1883-1887. He died in Detroit and is interred in Elmwood Cemetery.


Political offices
Preceded by
Henry H. Crapo
Governor of Michigan
Succeeded by
John J. Bagley
United States Senate
Preceded by
Zachariah Chandler
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Michigan
Served alongside: Thomas W. Ferry
Succeeded by
Omar D. Conger
Party political offices
Preceded by
James McMillan
Chairman of the Michigan Republican Party
1880– 1882
Succeeded by
Edward S. Lacey