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Henry P. Northrop

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Henry Pinckney Northrop
Bishop of Charleston
Northrop in 1914
SeeDiocese of Charleston
In officeJanuary 8, 1882 -
June 7, 1916
PredecessorPatrick Neeson Lynch
SuccessorWilliam Thomas Russell
Other post(s)Vicar Apostolic of North Carolina
OrdinationJune 25, 1865
by Pietro de Villanova Castellacci
ConsecrationJanuary 8, 1882
by James Gibbons
Personal details
Born(1842-05-05)May 5, 1842
DiedJune 7, 1916(1916-06-07) (aged 74)
Charleston, South Carolina
EducationGeorgetown College
Mount St. Mary's College
Pontifical North American College

Henry Pinckney Northrop (May 5, 1842 – June 7, 1916) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as vicar apostolic of North Carolina (1882-1888) and bishop of the Diocese of Charleston in South Carolina (1883-1916).


Early life[edit]

Henry Northrop was born on May 5, 1842, in Charleston, South Carolina, to Claudian Byrd and Hannah Eliza (née Anderson) Northrop.[1] He received his early education at Georgetown College in Washington, D.C. from 1853 to 1856.[2] He then studied at Mount St. Mary's College in Emmitsburg, Maryland, graduating in 1860.[2] He attended the theological seminary at St. Mary's for four years before continuing his studies at the Pontifical North American College in Rome.[1]


Northrop was ordained to the priesthood in Rome by Patriarch Pietro de Villanova Castellacci for the Diocese of Charleston on June 25, 1865.[3] Following his return to the United States, he served as a curate at the Nativity Parish in New York City. In 1866, he returned to Charleston and became a curate at St. Joseph's Parish.[1] Northrop served as a missionary in New Bern, North Carolina (1868-1872), assistant rector of St. John's Cathedral in Charleston and pastor of the parish in Sullivan's Island, South Carolina (1872-1877), and pastor of St. Patrick's Parish in Charleston (1877-1882).[2]

Vicar Apostolic of North Carolina[edit]

On September 16, 1881, Northrop was appointed the second vicar apostolic of North Carolina and titular bishop of Rosalia by Pope Leo XIII.[3] He received his episcopal consecration on January 8, 1882, at the Baltimore Cathedral from Cardinal James Gibbons, with Bishops John Keane and Thomas Becker serving as co-consecrators.[3]

Bishop of Charleston[edit]

In addition to his duties as vicar apostolic, Northrup was named the fourth bishop of the Diocese of Charleston on January 27, 1883 by Leo XIII.[3] Northrup resigned his post as vicar apostolic on February 4, 1888, while remaining bishop of Charleston.[3] Henry Northrop died in Charleston on June 7, 1916, at the age of 74.


  1. ^ a b c Johnson, Rossiter, ed. (1904). The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. Vol. VIII. John Howard Brown. Boston: The Biographical Society.
  2. ^ a b c The Memorial Volume: A History of the Third Plenary Council of Baltimore. Baltimore: The Baltimore Publishing Company. 1885.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Bishop Henry Pinckney Northrop". Catholic-Hierarchy.org.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by Vicar Apostolic of North Carolina
Succeeded by
Preceded by Bishop of Charleston
Succeeded by