Henry Rutgers Marshall

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Henry Rutgers Marshall (22 July 1852 – 3 May 1927) was an American architect and psychologist. He was born in New York City; graduated from Columbia University in 1873 (A.M., 1876); and became a practicing architect in New York in 1878. He lectured on æsthetics at Columbia in 1894-95 and at Princeton in 1915-16. Though Marshall achieved success as an architect and was president of the New York chapter of the American Institute of Architects (1902–04), he became better known perhaps as a psychologist. Rutgers and Hobart colleges gave him honorary degrees. He served as president of the American Psychological Association in 1907.

He died in New York.


  • Pain, Pleasure, and Æsthetics (1894)
  • Æsthetic Principles (1895)
  • Instinct and Reason (1898)
  • Consciousness (1909)
  • War and the Ideal of Peace (1915)


Educational offices
Preceded by
James Rowland Angell
16th President of the American Psychological Association
Succeeded by
George Malcolm Stratton