Henry S. Clubb
Henry S. Clubb
Henry Stephen Clubb
June 21, 1827
|Died||October 29, 1921 (aged 94)|
|Resting place||Oakwood Cemetery, Philadelphia, U.S.|
|Thirty-nine Reasons Why I Am a Vegetarian|
Anne Barbara Henderson
(m. 1855; died 1915)
Henry Stephen Clubb (June 21, 1827 – October 29, 1921) was a British-American Swedenborgian, abolitionist, chartist, journalist and author, who was state senator for Michigan and founder and first President of the Vegetarian Society of America (VSA).
Clubb was born on June 21, 1827 in Colchester, England. He had at least one brother, Robert, and one sister, Sarah Anne. His father, Stephen Clubb, was a Swedenborgian and raised his son in the same faith. Both of his parents were vegetarians for a time; they were also members of the Vegetarian Society. Clubb was inspired to become a vegetarian by W. Gibson Ward's visits to his father's home, where he listened to Ward's vivid descriptions of the horrors and cruelties of the slaughter house.
Clubb was working as a clerk at the post office when he heard about a London-based commercial traveler named William Ward about a community called the Concordium and practicing an alternative lifestyle. This community, later called Alcott House was found in Ham Common, and influenced by transcendentalism. In 1842, Clubb joined this community. His journey there was via London, his first visit to the English capital and his first journey by train. After the project failed, he moved to London and worked with James Simpson, a cowherdite and vegetarian. In 1850, he joined the Bible Christian Church, a sect founded by William Cowherd. He also became the local secretary of the Vegetarian Society in Salford.
In 1853, Clubb emigrated to the United States and initially found work as a journalist in New York, where he worked alongside Charles A. Dana for the New-York Tribune. As an abolitionist and pacifist, he lectured against slavery.
Between 1856 and 1857, he was involved with Charles DeWolfe and John McLaurin in building a utopian community known as Octagon City, Kansas. This project was originally designed as a vegetarian colony, but changed its focus to promoting a highly moral society with the octagon as its basic architectural structure, as propagated by Orson Fowler. The project failed due to mosquitoes, malnutrition, grain thefts and general exhaustion in the inhospitable terrain.
In the American Civil War, Clubb fought for the Union Army as a quartermaster. He took part in the Siege of Vicksburg, with his wife accompanying him. Clubb was hit by a bullet, but survived because the bullet was slowed down when it passed through his pocket which was filled with money and his naturalization papers, which were destroyed.
Vegetarian Society of America
Clubb founded the Vegetarian Society of America (VSA) in 1866 and became its first president. He published a cookbook for the organization and founded its magazine Food, Home and Garden. In 1893, Clubb was largely responsible for the success of the International Congress for Vegetarians at the Chicago World's Fair.
In 1900, the VSA merged with the Chicago Vegetarian Society. The VSA's Food, Home and Garden was renamed The Vegetarian and Our Fellow Creatures (1901-1903), The Vegetarian Magazine (1903-1925), The Vegetarian Magazine and Fruitarian (1925-1926) and The Vegetarian and Fruitarian (1926-1934).
- The Maine Liquor Law: Its Origin, History, and Results, Including a Life of Hon. Neal Dow (1856)
- Thirty-nine Reasons Why I Am a Vegetarian (1903)
- Unpolished Rice, the Staple Food of the Orient (1905)
- "Henry S. Clubb letterbook; Payne and Swiney letterbook 1836-1840, 1865". William L. Clements Library. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
- "Henry Clubb, 1827-1921". Chartist Ancestors. 20 March 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
- History of the Philadelphia Bible-christian Church for the First Century of Its Existence, from 1817 to 1917. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott co. 1922. pp. 67–89.
- Gregory, James (Summer 2001). "A Michigander, A Patriot and Gentleman". KanColl's Online Magazine. Archived from the original on 28 July 2002. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
- A., E. (January 1896). "The Rev. Henry S. Clubb". Vegetarian Messenger. Manchester.
- Iacobbo, Karen; Iacobbo, Michael (2004). Vegetarian America: A History. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 89–91. ISBN 978-0-275-97519-7.
- "1896 Rev. Henry Stephens Clubb Autographed Photo, Vegetarian Activist". Ancestorville Genealogy. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
- Michigan Official Directory and Legislative Manual 1923-24 (section: "Members of Michigan Legislature from 1835 to 1922 Inclusive", pp. 94-190; Clubb is on p.97). Lansing, Michigan: Published by the State of Michigan Under the Direction of Charles J. DeLand, Secretary of State
- Puskar-Pasewicz, Margaret. (2010). Cultural Encyclopedia of Vegetarianism. Greenwood. p. 180. ISBN 9780313375569
- Heiman, Kelly (11 June 2010). The Not-So Wild West: The Rise and Fall of Vegetarian Settlements in 19th century Kansas.
- Day, Meagan (26 December 2017). "The abolitionist, vegetarian, octagon-obsessed utopia that never was". Timeline.
- Kniggendorf, Anne (14 July 2019). "Meet the Well-meaning Pioneer Behind a Vegetarian 'fairy Land' in Kansas". KCUR-FM 89.3.