Henry Scheffé

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Henry Scheffé
Henry Scheffe.jpeg
Born(1907-04-11)April 11, 1907
DiedJune 5, 1977(1977-06-05) (aged 70)
Alma materCooper Union
University of Wisconsin–Madison
Known forLehmann–Scheffé theorem
Scheffé's method
Scheffé's lemma
Scientific career
FieldsMathematician, Statistician
Doctoral advisorRudolf Ernest Langer
Doctoral studentsWilliam Kruskal

Henry Scheffé (April 11, 1907 – July 5, 1977) was an American statistician.[1][2] He is known for the Lehmann–Scheffé theorem and Scheffé's method.

Education and career[edit]

Scheffé was born in New York City on April 11, 1907, the child of German immigrants. The family moved to Islip, New York, where Scheffé went to high school. He graduated in 1924, took night classes at Cooper Union, and a year later entered the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. He transferred to the University of Wisconsin in 1928, and earned a bachelor's degree in mathematics there in 1931.[2] Staying at Wisconsin, he married his wife Miriam in 1934 and finished his PhD in 1935, on the subject of differential equations, under the supervision of Rudolf Ernest Langer.[1][2][3]

After teaching mathematics at Wisconsin, Oregon State University, and Reed College, Scheffé moved to Princeton University in 1941. At Princeton, he began working in statistics instead of in pure mathematics, and assisted the U.S. war effort as a consultant with the Office of Scientific Research and Development. Scheffé moved several more times, to Syracuse University in 1944, the University of California, Los Angeles in 1946, and Columbia University in 1948, where he chaired the statistics department. He settled at the University of California, Berkeley from 1953 until he retired in 1974; he took a turn as department chair there as well, from 1965 to 1968. After retiring from Berkeley, he spent more years on the faculty of Indiana University.[1][2]

In 1951 he was elected as a Fellow of the American Statistical Association.[4] Scheffé was president of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics in 1954, and also served as vice president of the American Statistical Association from 1954 to 1956.[2]

Scheffé died in Berkeley.


  1. ^ a b c O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F. (May 2000), "Henry Scheffé", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews
  2. ^ a b c d e Daniel, C.; Lehmann, E. L. (1979). "Henry Scheffe 1907–1977". Annals of Statistics. 7 (6): 1149–1161. doi:10.1214/aos/1176344837.
  3. ^ Henry Scheffé at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  4. ^ View/Search Fellows of the ASA Archived 2016-06-16 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 2016-07-23.