Henry Seymour (16th-century MP)
|Sir Henry Seymour
Wulfhall, Wiltshire, England
|Died||5 April 1578
|Known for||Brother of Jane Seymour, Queen consort of Henry VIII|
|Children||Sir John Seymour
|Parent(s)||Sir John Seymour
Sir Henry Seymour (c. 1503 – 5 April 1578) was an English landowner and MP, the brother of Jane Seymour, queen consort of Henry VIII, and consequently uncle to Edward VI. He was created a Knight of the Bath after his nephew's coronation.
Sir Henry Seymour was born around 1503, probably at Wulfhall, Wiltshire. He was the third son of Sir John Seymour (c.1474 – 21 December 1536.) and Margery Wentworth (c. 1478 – 18 October 1550). His family rose to prominence following his sister Jane's marriage to the King in 1536. As well as Queen Jane, Henry Seymour's siblings included Elizabeth Seymour, Lady Cromwell, the daughter-in-law of Henry VIII's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell; Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, who was Lord Protector of England during the minority of their nephew; and Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley, the fourth husband of Catherine Parr, and stepfather to the future Elizabeth I.
Seymour may have begun his career in the service of Richard Foxe, Bishop of Winchester. By 1526 he had followed his father and siblings into royal service, although he does not seem to have shared the ambitions or abilities of his brothers, Edward and Thomas, and did not progress at court. He served under four Tudor monarchs, although for the most part, he lived in relative obscurity, seldom appearing at court, and did not seek honours and preferments.
He held a number of offices, including:
- Keeper, Taunton Castle, Somerset by 1526–1578
- Keeper, Bridgwater Castle, Somerset 1544
- Keeper, Marwell park, Hampshire by 1547–51
- Sewer extraordinary, the chamber by 1533
- Bailiff, manor of Hampstead Marshall, Berkshire 1536–1578
- Bailiff, Romsey, Hampshire by 1546-1578
- Steward, manors of Bierton with Broughton, Whaddon and Wendover, Buckinghamshire 1536, Wyrardisbury, Buckinghamshire and Kings Langley, Hertfordshire 1536–39
- General–receiver, manors of Bierton with Broughton, Claydon, Swanbourne, Wendover and Whaddon, Buckinghamshire, Berkhampstead, Hertfordshire and Finmere, Oxfordshire 1536-10
- Captain Lyon of Hamburgh 1544
- Carver, household of Anne of Cleves 1540
- Carver, household of Catherine Parr by 1544
- Commissioner, relief, Hampshire 1550
- Commissioner, goods of churches and fraternities 1553
- Justice of the Peace 1554–1578
- Sheriff, Hampshire 1568–9
Following his sister's marriage, he was appointed to several offices chiefly related to the administration of her estates, some of which he lost at her death. Jane left him "several valuable chains" in her will in 1537. He was carver in the households of Anne of Cleves (1540) and Catherine Parr (1545). In 1544 he was made captain of the ship Lyon of Hamburgh under the command of his brother Thomas, Lord High Admiral, but was held to be culpable when it foundered in the Dart estuary during a storm. He was offered no further military or naval command following this incident, and some time in 1545, lost his position in the household of Catherine Parr.
He was made a Knight of the Bath in February 1547, soon after his nephew's accession to the throne. In the autumn of 1547, he was elected MP for Hampshire. He is not mentioned in the diaries of Edward VI, although he received a number of royal grants of land during the reign of his nephew. While both his brothers were executed after conspiring against their rivals in their struggles for power, Henry Seymour appears unscathed. In 1549, his brother, Edward, Lord Protector of England, wrote to him and asked him to bring troops to support him. It seems Henry Seymour did not respond, and did well under the administration of his brother's replacement, John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland. He was the sole executor of his mother's Will following her death on 18 October 1550, by which she bequeathed "various legacies of plate, jewels etc. to her relations." In 1551, he was granted the manors of Marvell and Twyford, which had constituted a portion of the estates of the bishopric of Winchester, and the following year, grants for life of the manors of Somerford and Hurn, in the parish of Christchurch, with other lands to the value of £202 6s. 9d.
During the reign of Elizabeth I, he was High Sheriff of Hampshire for 1568–69.
Marriage and issue
- Sir John Seymour married Susan, youngest daughter of lord Chidiock Powlett, third son of William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester, by his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Capel, Lord Mayor of London. They had three sons:
- Edward Seymour
- Henry Seymour
- Thomas Seymour
- Jane Seymour (died February 1634) married Sir John Rodney (c. 1551–died 6 August 1612) of Stoke Rodney, Somersetshire. They had sixteen children, of whom four sons and three daughters survived:
- Elizabeth Rodney
- Sir Edward Rodney married Frances Southwell, the daughter of Sir Robert Southwell of Woodrising, Norfolk and Lady Elizabeth Howard, and by her had thirteen children.
- George Rodney (1608–1630) married Anna Lake
- Anthony Rodney (died 1705) married Constantia Clarke
- Henry Rodney (died 1737) married Mary Newton
- George Brydges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney (1718 – 24 May 1792)
- Henry Rodney
- William Rodney
- Jane Rodney
- Penelope Rodney
- Hawkyard 1982.
- Saint Maur 1902, p. 21, He "was made a Knight of the Bath, 27 February 1547 ..."
- Norton 2009, p. 11.
- Norton 2009, p. 7.
- Aubrey 1862, p. 375–376:John Seymour's monument gives his age as 60 which points to a birth year of 1476. "This Knight departed this Lyfe at LX years of age, the XXI day of December, Anno 1536 ..."
- Norton 2009, p. 125–126.
- Pollard 1897, pp. 299–310.
- Seymour 1972, p. 340.
- Locke 1911, p. 29.
- Strype II(I) 1822, p. 36.
- Burke III 1838, p. 201–202.
- Acts of the Privy Council III: 1550–1552, p. 142.
- Burke III 1838, p. 201.
- Aubrey 1862, p. 377.
- Burke III 1838, p. 202.
- Collins 1768, p. 142–143.
- Aubrey, John; Jackson, John Edward (1862). Wiltshire: The Topographical Collections of John Aubrey, F. R. S., A. D. 1659–70, With Illustrations. Corrected and enlarged by John Edward Jackson. London: Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society.
- Burke, John (1838). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, Enjoying Territorial Possessions or, High Official Rank, But Invested With Heritable Honours. III (small paper ed.). London: Henry Colburn.
- Collins, Arthur (1768). The Peerage of England; containing a Genealogical and Historical Account of All the Peers of that Kingdom, Now Existing, Either by Tenure, Summons, or Creation ... I. London: Printed for H. Woodfall ...
- Dasent, John Roche, ed. (1891) [First published HMSO:1891]. Acts of the Privy Council of England. New Series. III: 1550–1552. British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
- Hawkyard, A. D. K. (1982). "Seymour, Sir Henry (by 1503–78), of Marwell, Hants.". In Bindoff, S. T. Members. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509–1558. Historyofparliamentonline.org. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
- Locke, A. Audrey (1911). The Seymour Family: History and Romance. London: Constable and Company.
- Norton, Elizabeth (2009). Jane Seymour: Henry VIII's True Love (hardback). Chalford: Amberley Publishing. ISBN 9781848681026.
- Pollard, Albert Frederick (1897). "Seymour, Edward". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 51. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 299–310.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. III (2nd ed.). CreateSpace. ISBN 1461045207.
- Russell, Gareth (14 May 2010). "May 14th, 1536: Mistress Seymour's New Lodgings". Confessions of a Ci-Devant. Garethrussellcidevant.blogspot.com.au. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
- Saint Maur, H. (1902). Annals of the Seymours ... Being a History of the Seymour Family, From Early Times to Within a Few Years of the Present. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.
- Seymour, William (1972). Ordeal by Ambition: An English Family in the Shadow of the Tudors. London: Sidgwick & Jackson. ISBN 028397866X.
- Sherlock, Peter (2008). Monuments and Memory in Early Modern England. Burlington: Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7546-6093-4.
- Strype, John (1822). Ecclesiastical Memorials. II. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
- Seymour, Sir Henry (by 1503–78), of Marwell, Hants. A biography
- Sir Henry Seymour, Knight Family tree