|Occupation||Writer and journalist|
Henry Siegman (born 1930) is a German-born American. He is President of the U.S./Middle East Project (USMEP), an initiative focused on U.S.-Middle East policy and the Israel-Palestine conflict, launched by the Council on Foreign Relations in 1994, and established as an independent policy institute in 2006 under the chairmanship of General (Ret.) Brent Scowcroft. As of July 1, 2016 Siegman will assume the title of President Emeritus of the USMEP.
He is a former non-resident visiting research professor at the Sir Joseph Hotung Middle East Program of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, a former Senior Fellow on the Middle East at the Council on Foreign Relations, and a former National Director of the American Jewish Congress.
Early life and education
Siegman, a Jewish American, was born in 1930 in Frankfurt, Germany. Moving to the United States, Siegman studied and was ordained as an Orthodox Rabbi by Yeshiva Torah Vodaas. He served as a chaplain in the Korean War, where he was awarded the Bronze Star Medal and the Purple Heart.
Siegman supports the idea of moral equivalence in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He advocates engagement with Hamas and believes that Palestinian Authority president Mahmoud Abbas is able to form a unity government between Hamas and his own Fatah and make peace with Israel. Siegman met with Hamas' leader Khaled Mashal in Syria.
He says that Yasser Arafat made a "disastrous mistake" in rejecting the peace offer, but that "based on my 14 years of dealings with Arafat, I reject the notion that he was bent on Israel's destruction". Siegman is critical of Ariel Sharon, about whom he wrote: "The war Sharon is waging is not aimed at the defeat of Palestinian terrorism but at the defeat of the Palestinian people and their aspirations for national self-determination".
He strongly defended former president Jimmy Carter's book Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid. He has also criticized the peace efforts by Ehud Olmert and George W. Bush. Siegman has described the process as a "scam" because of a "consensus reached long ago by Israel's decision-making elites that Israel will never allow the emergence of a Palestinian state".
Nathan Guttman, writing in The Forward said that Siegman helped to publicize the "Saudi plan", after it was revealed publicly for the first time in the New York Times. In addition, Guttman writes that Siegman is in the "far-left corner of the Middle East worldview".
Abraham Foxman, national director of the Anti-Defamation League, said that Siegman was known as holding left-of-center views that fit with the American Jewish Congress's liberal approach, and that "when he left the organization, it became clearer he was no longer a critic of Israel, that his criticism borders being anti-Israel".
- Henry Siegman Bio
- Brief biography at the Euro|topics magazine.
- Separating Spiritual and Political, He Pays a Price, by Chris Hedges, The New York Times, June 13, 2002.
- Behind Henry Siegman's Turn on Israel
- Separating Spiritual and Political, He Pays a Price
- Is 'moral equivalency' really so wrong?
- Hamas: The Last Chance for Peace? by Henry Siegman, The New York Review of Books, April 27, 2006.
- The Hamas factor by Robert Malley and Henry Siegman, The International Herald Tribune, December 27, 2006.
- Hamas and Gaza Emerge Reshaped After Takeover by Ethan Bronner, June 15, 2008.
- Yasir Arafat, Father and Leader of Palestinian Nationalism, Dies at 75 by Judith Miller, The New York Times, November 11, 2004.
- Sharon's Phony War by Henry Siegman, The New York Review of Books, December 18, 2003.
- Hurricane Carter by Henry Siegman, The Nation, January 4, 2007.
- The Great Middle East Peace Process Scam by Henry Siegman, The London Review of Books, August 16, 2007.
- The Great Middle East Peace Process Scam Henry Siegman, London Review of Books, August 16, 2007
- Middle East: Will Israel's Killing Of Hamas Leader Affect U.S. Policy? by Jeffrey Donovan, Radio Free Europe, March 23, 2004.
- Saudis Push Bush Team On Peace Plan by Nathan Guttman, The Forward, January 19, 2007.
- Arafat Among the Ruins by David Rieff, The New York Times, April 25, 2004.