|Born||Henry R. Silverman
August 1, 1940
|Education||Williams College (BA, 1961)
University of Pennsylvania Law School (JD, 1964)
|Employer||Apollo Global Management
Cendant Corporation (prior) (prior)
|Known for||Founder of Hospitality Franchise Systems (later Cendant Corporation)
Co-Founder of Univision
|Net worth||$300 million|
|Spouse(s)||Susan H. Herson (divorced)
Nancy Ann Kraner (divorced)
|Children||four (two with Herson; one with Kraner; one with Hader)|
Henry R. Silverman is an American entrepreneur and private equity investor. Silverman is best known for his role in building Cendant Corporation into a multibillion dollar business services company that provided car rentals, travel reservation services as well as real estate brokerage services and was also the largest franchisor of hotels globally.
Among the brands that Silverman controlled included hotels and motels such as AmeriHost Inn, Days Inn, Howard Johnson's, Ramada, Super 8 and Travelodge; car rental operators such as Avis Rent a Car System and Budget Rent a Car; real estate brokerages such as Coldwell Banker, Century 21 Real Estate and Sotheby's International Realty; as well as Orbitz Worldwide.
Early life and education
Born to a Jewish family, in Brooklyn, the son of the chief executive of commercial finance firm James Talcott Inc. Silverman graduated with a B.A. from Williams College and then a J.D. from University of Pennsylvania Law School. He served in the United States Navy Reserves and then practiced tax law.
Early career (1965-1990)
Silverman began his career in business as an assistant to Steve Ross, who was then assembling the future Warner Communications. Silverman had graduated from Williams College with a BA in Art History in 1961 and spent the following three years earning a JD from the University of Pennsylvania, where he graduated in 1964. Silverman left the job with Ross, which had been secured by Silverman’s father, a well known businessman himself, to join White, Weld & Company an investment banking firm.
After a short stint in investment banking, Silverman pursued a number of entrepreneurial ventures in the late 1960s and through the 1970s. In 1984, Silverman joined Reliance Group Holdings, which was run by corporate raider Saul Steinberg. Silverman then served as president and CEO of Telemundo, the Spanish-language television network from 1986 through 1990. While at Reliance, Silverman acquired Days Inn, the US hotel chain in a $590 million deal. Silverman is estimated to have made a $125 million profit on the sale of Days Inn..
In 1990, Silverman accepted a position as partner at Blackstone Group, a private equity firm. However his tenure at Blackstone was cut short because of litigation between Prudential Insurance, one of Blackstone's largest investors, over a Steinberg deal in which Silverman had been involved. In 1991, he left to head Hospitality Franchise Systems, an investment of Blackstone's that Silverman had overseen. He later build HFS into Cendant Corporation.
Creating Cendant Corporation (1991-2006)
Building on his experience with Days Inn, while at Blackstone Silverman created Hospitality Franchise Systems (HFS) which would acquire a number of hotel franchises. Among Silverman’s purchases were such brands as Ramada and Howard Johnson's as well as Days Inn, which he was able to buy for $290 million (almost half what he had sold it for) after the company had filed for bankruptcy in 1991. Hospitality Franchise Systems went public in a 1992 IPO.
HFS was among the fastest growing companies of its size in the 1990s and the company’s stock had risen from its IPO price of $4 per share to $77 per share by 1998. However in 1998, Silverman led Cendant into what would prove a disastrous merger with CUC, a direct marketing company that operated Shoppers Advantage and Travelers Advantage (now part of Affinion Group. The $14 billion merger of HFS and CUC resulted in Cendant Corporation, which was formed in December 1997. Also, as part of the merger, Silverman announced he would reduce his day-to-day involvement with the company and assume the company’s chairmanship in preference of CUC’s founder and CEO Walter Forbes.
Just months after the merger, in April 1998 Cendant uncovered massive accounting improprieties at CUC and resulted in one of the largest financial scandals of the 1990s. After the accounting scandal was uncovered, Silverman and the Cendant board forced Forbes’ resignation and Silverman assumed the CEO post. Under Silverman, Cendant bounced back from the accounting scandal far outperforming the markets in the early 2000s.
Silverman’s compensation was the subject of scrutiny in 2004. In 2002, on the back of strong performance at Cendant, Silverman signed a 10-year contract that provided for medical benefits, office space as well as travel perks including a corporate airplane and a company car and driver. Of greater attention was the compensation Silverman received in 2003. Silverman’s 2003 compensation was estimated at $60 million, which included $14 million in cash salary and bonus, $37 million in stock options and $4.6 million paid as premiums on a company funded life insurance policy.
In September 2006, Silverman championed the separation of Cendant Corporation into four independent companies. Cendant spun off its real estate brokerage division, Realogy which was sold to Apollo Global Management and sold its travel distribution services division, Travelport, to The Blackstone Group. Cendant’s hospitality services division, is now a separate company Wyndham Worldwide. The remaining Cendant Corporation, which renamed itself Avis Budget Group, operates the company’s car rental businesses.
Silverman has been married three times. In 1965, he married Susan H. Herson; they had two children and divorced in 1977. In 1978, he married Nancy Ann Kraner; they had one child and divorced in 2012 after thirty years of marriage. In 2012, he remarried to his yoga instructor, Karen Hader, thirty years his junior. He has a daughter, Casey (born 2010) with Hader. Nancy received more than $150 million as well as their Upper East side apartment and their home in Southhampton as part of the settlement. Silverman tried to argue that he was an innate genius and that his wife played no part in earning his $450 million fortune.
- Silbiger, Steve The Jewish Phenomenon: Seven Keys to the Enduring Wealth of a People p. 91
- BusinessWeek: "HENRY SILVERMAN: THE REAL ARTIST OF THE DEAL? - This empire builder is riding high, but investors are jittery" By Joseph Weber June 14, 1997
- David Carey and John E. Morris, King of Capital: The Remarkable Rise, Fall and Rise Again of Steve Schwarzman and Blackstone (Crown 2010), pp. 120-21.
- King of Capital, pp. 112-15, 116-17.
- Apollo Taps Silverman to Be Operating Chief. Wall Street Journal, Feb 13, 2009
- Bloomberg: "Guggenheim Hires Apollo’s Henry Silverman to Expand Investment Management" by Charles Stein March 8, 2012
- Reference for Business: Henry Silverman retrieved July 7, 2013
- Daily Mail: "'Genius' millionaire, 71, who tried to prevent ex-wife getting her hands on his $450m fortune marries 40-year-old yoga instructor - just days after divorce" By Rachel Quigley March 16, 2012
- New York Post: "New wife for ‘genius’ Henry" March 16, 2012
- Taking Henry Silverman Private. TIME, Apr. 19, 2007
- From the Law Office to the Boardroom. New York Times, January 20, 2002
- Cendant chief earned $61.1 million in 1998. New York Times, March 23, 1999
- Henry Silverman's Long Road Back. Business Week, February 28, 2000
- A Merger Made in Hell The inside story of the decade's dumbest deal. Business Week, November 9, 1998
- HFS Stands for Growth. TIME, Mar. 17, 1997