Henry Spencer Berkeley
He was educated for the legal profession and called to the bar at the Inner Temple in June 1873.
Berkeley was admitted to the bar of the Leeward Islands in July 1874. He filled various legal and official posts in the Leeward Islands. After acting as Attorney General in an interim capacity (1877-1878), he became Solicitor General from 1878 to 1883, when he became Acting Colonial Secretary.
In 1885, he was appointed Attorney General of Fiji in succession to Fielding Clarke who was appointed Chief Justice of Fiji and Chief Judicial Commissioner for the Western Pacific. As Attorney-General he acted as Chief Justice when Clarke was on leave. In 1889, he succeeded Clarke in both roles. He acted for a brief time as Governor of Fiji.
Berkeley was knighted in the Queen's Birthday Honours of 20 May 1896.
In what was seen as a slightly strange move from the bench back to the bar, in 1902, Berkeley accepted the position of Attorney-General for Hong Kong. In 1904 he was considered for the position of Chief Justice of Hong Kong on the retirement of W. Meigh Goodman. Francis Piggott was appointed instead. Berkeley acted as Chief Justice of Hong Kong on two occasions.
He was appointed a King's Counsel in Hong Kong in 1906. He resigned as Attorney General in 1906 to enter full-time private practice. William Rees-Davies took over the role in 1907. Berkeley continued to practice in Hong Kong until 1912. After retirement as attorney general, he continued to serve on the Hong Kong Legislative Council which he had been a member of as Attorney General. He also acted as Attorney General in 1909.
Berkeley also served as Chairman of the Hong Kong Volunteer Reserve Association, which consisted of men over 35 years of age. The VRA's principal aim was the encouragement of rifle shooting.
After returning to England, he was a member of the West Sussex County Council from 1913.
Berkeley died on 30 September 1918 in England.
- Mennell, Philip (1892). . The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co – via Wikisource.
- "Henry Spencer Hardtman Berkeley". Holmes à Court Family History. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
- "Who was Capt.? J.H.H.BERKELEY of 83rd Regiment". Retrieved 15 October 2012.
- "HON. SIR HENRY S. BERKELEY (FIJI)". Debretts_House_of_Commons. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- "Who was Capt. J.H.H.BERKELEY of 83rd Regiment". Rootschat. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- "Special Cables". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 21 May 1896. p. 5. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
- Nottingham Evening Post, 4 June 1902
- "No. 27478". The London Gazette. 30 September 1902. p. 6209.
- The private life of old Hong Kong: western women in the British Colony, 1841-1941, p202
- Twentieth Impressions of Hong Kong and Shanghai, profile of Berkeley
- London Gazette, 10 July 1906, p4720
- The Straits Times of 20 July 1911, Page 6 reported him returning home from Hong Kong for a short holiday
- Legislative Council Minutes, 24 July 1908
- Legislative Council Minutes, 20 May 1909
- Twentieth Impressions of Hong Kong and Shanghai, p277
- London Gazette, 12 November 1918, p13350
|| Attorney General of the Leeward Islands
1877 — 1878
Sir Fielding Clarke
| Attorney General of Fiji
1886 — 1889
John Symonds Udal
Sir Fielding Clarke
| Chief Judicial Commissioner for the Western Pacific
Sir Charles Henry Major
| Chief Justice of Fiji|
Sir W. Meigh Goodman
| Attorney General of Hong Kong
Sir William Rees Davies
| Unofficial Member
Legislative Council of Hong Kong