Henry Strachey (explorer)
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Henry Strachey (1816–1912) was a British officer of the Bengal Army. Despite a longstanding prohibition by the Tibetan authorities on the entry of Europeans into Tibet, Strachey surveyed parts of western Tibet during the late 1840s.
In 1846, while a lieutenant of the 66th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry, Strachey surveyed the Tibetan regions surrounding Lakes Manasarovar and Rakshastal. He found a channel between the lakes, suggesting that Manasarovar, and not Rakshastal, was the source of the Sutlej River. Strachey's brother Richard, with J. E. Winterbottom, continued the exploration of the lakes in 1848.
In 1847 Strachey was appointed to a boundary commission led by Alexander Cunningham. The third member was Thomas Thomson. The commission was set up to fix the boundary between Tibet and Ladakh. By the Treaty of Amritsar, 1846, the British had granted Ladakh to Gulab Singh, and wished to prevent further territorial conflict. However, the Tibetan authorities did not participate, or give permission to enter Tibet. The commission based itself at Leh, Ladakh. It eventually drafted a boundary, but this was not diplomatically agreed. However, in 1848 Strachey was the first European to find the Siachen Glacier, and ascended it for 2 miles.
On 6 September 1859, by this time a captain of the 66th Goorkha Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry, he married Joanna Catherine, daughter of Rudolphe Cloete, of Newlands, Cape Town, South Africa. The wedding was in Claremont, Cape Town. Their only child was Julia Charlotte, who in 1884 married barrister William Chance (2 July 1853 – 9 April 1935), son of James Timmins Chance of the glassmaking company Chance Brothers. Julia was an amateur sculptor, and a supporter of the Arts and Crafts movement. The couple's house, Orchards in Surrey, was designed by architect Edwin Lutyens. In 1902, Sir William Chance succeeded his father to the Chance baronetcy. Julia, Lady Chance died in 1949.
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