Henry Tax Review
The Australia's Future Tax System Review, informally known as the Henry Tax Review was commissioned by the Rudd Government in 2008 and published in 2010. The review was intended to guide tax system reforms over the next 10 to 20 years.
The review was a "root and branch" review, restricted only in that it could not consider increasing the rate or broadening the base of the Goods and Services Tax, imposing tax on superannuation payments to retirees over 60 years of age, or already-announced personal income tax changes.
- Dr Ken Henry (Chair), Secretary to the Treasury
- Dr Jeff Harmer, Secretary, Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs
- Professor John Piggott, Professor of Economics and Associate Dean, Research, Australian School of Business, University of New South Wales
- Ms Heather Ridout, Chief Executive, Australian Industry Group
- Mr Greg Smith, Adjunct Professor, Economic and Social Policy, Australian Catholic University
1. Concentrating revenue raising on four efficient tax bases: personal income, business income, private consumption, and economic rents from natural resources and land. Other taxes may be retained if they serve a specific policy purpose such as discouraging smoking or traffic congestion. Taxes fitting into none of these categories should eventually be abolished.
2. Configuring taxes and transfers to support productivity, participation and growth.
3. An equitable, transparent and simplified personal income tax: a much higher tax-free threshold (around AUD 25,000), only two tax brackets, and a simplification of superannuation, deductions and offsets.
4. A fair, adequate, and work supportive transfer system.
5. Integrating consumption tax compliance with business systems.
6. Efficient land and resource taxation.
7. Completing retirement income reform and securing aged care.
8. Toward more affordable housing: substantially increase rent assistance, gradually move to a uniform land tax and remove transfer taxes (stamp duty), and gradually move to a neutral treatment of rental and owner-occupied housing.
9. A more open, understandable and responsive tax system.
The major item from the Henry Review implemented by the Rudd Government was the move to create a resources Super Profit Tax. The proposal was highly controversial, and following the appointment of Julia Gillard as Prime Minister, was replaced by a Mineral Resource Rent Tax. Most of the remaining recommendations were not implemented.
- Australia’s future tax system, Consultation paper, December 2008
- Australia's Future Tax System: Final Report: Chapter 12
- Australia's Future Tax System: Final Report: Executive Summary
- Australia's Future Tax System Review official homepage.