Henry Thynne, 6th Marquess of Bath

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The Marquess of Bath

6th Marquess of Bath 2 Allan Warren.jpg
Henry Thynne, 6th Marquess of Bath, with his wife Virginia, daughter Lady Silvy, and Leo the dog. Picture taken in 1973.
Marquess of Bath
In office
9 June 1946 – 30 June 1992
Preceded byThomas Thynne
Succeeded byAlexander Thynn
Member of Parliament
for Frome
In office
1931–1935
Preceded byFrederick Gould
Succeeded byMavis Tate
Personal details
Born
Lord Henry Frederick Thynne

26 January 1905
Died30 June 1992(1992-06-30) (aged 87)
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)
Children
Parents
Alma mater
OccupationAristocrat, landowner, politician
AwardsBronze Star
Silver Star
Military service
Allegiance United Kingdom
Branch/service British Army
RankMajor
UnitRoyal Wiltshire Yeomanry
Battles/warsWorld War II

Henry Frederick Thynne, 6th Marquess of Bath, JP (26 January 1905 – 30 June 1992), styled Lord Henry Thynne until 1916 and Viscount Weymouth between 1916 and 1946, was a British aristocrat, landowner, and Conservative Party politician.

Background and education[edit]

Lord Bath was the second but eldest surviving the son of Thomas Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath, and Violet Mordaunt, the illegitimate daughter of Harriet Mordaunt and Lowry Cole, 4th Earl of Enniskillen. He was educated at The New Beacon Preparatory School, Harrow, and Christ Church, Oxford. In 1916 he became the heir to the family titles and estates after his elder brother, John, was killed in action in the First World War.

Railway Club at Oxford, coincived by John Sutro, dominated by Harold Acton. Left to right, back: Henry Yorke, Roy Harrod, Henry Weymouth, David Plunket Greene, Harry Stavordale, Brian Howard. Middle row: Michael Rosse, John Sutro, Hugh Lygon, Harold Acton, Bryan Guinness, Patrick Balfour, Mark Ogilvie-Grant, Johnny Drury-Lowe; front: porters.

At Oxford, Thynne was part of the Railway Club, which included: Henry Yorke, Roy Harrod, Henry Thynne, David Plunket Greene, Edward Henry Charles James Fox-Strangways, 7th Earl of Ilchester, Brian Howard, Michael Parsons, 6th Earl of Rosse, John Sutro, Hugh Lygon, Harold Acton, Bryan Guinness, 2nd Baron Moyne, Patrick Balfour, 3rd Baron Kinross, Mark Ogilvie-Grant, John Drury-Lowe.[1]

In the 1920s the tabloid press considered him one of the Bright Young Things.

Political and military careers[edit]

As Viscount Weymouth, he was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Frome between 1931 and 1935, and served as a member of the Council of the Duchy of Cornwall from 1933 to 1936 and Justice of the Peace for Wiltshire in 1938.

He gained the rank of Major in the service of the Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry, fought in the Second World War, and was awarded the Bronze Star[2] and the Silver Star for actions during that period.

Thynne succeeded his father as Marquess of Bath in 1946. He was noted for his forestry work on the ancestral estate of Longleat. It was he who developed the safari park and opened the house to the public in 1949.[3]

From 1960 onwards he amassed what would become the largest collection of paintings by Adolf Hitler, numbering sixty by 1983[4]. To some extent an admirer of Hitler, the Marquess is quoted as saying “Hitler did a hell of a lot for his country”[5].

Family[edit]

On 27 October 1927, Lord Weymouth married, firstly, Hon. Daphne Vivian, daughter of George Vivian, 4th Baron Vivian, and they were divorced in 1953. They had five children:

After becoming Lord Bath he married, secondly, Virginia Penelope Parsons (1917-2003), on 15 July 1953, following her divorce earlier that year from David Tennant.[6] They had one daughter:

  • Lady Silvy Cerne Thynne (b. 22 December 1958); married Iain McQuiston and has issue. A sister-in-law of the current Viscountess Weymouth.

Titles[edit]

  • Lord Henry Thynne, 1905–1916
  • Viscount Weymouth, 1916–1931
  • Viscount Weymouth, MP, 1931–1935
  • Viscount Weymouth, 1935–1946
  • The Most Honourable The Marquess of Bath, 1946–1992

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lancaster, Marie-Jaqueline (2005). Brian Howard: Portrait of a Failure. Timewell Press. p. 122. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  2. ^ "No. 36791". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 November 1944. p. 5189.
  3. ^ Hugo Vickers Obituary: Henry Thynne, 6th Marquess of Bath, The Independent, 1 July 1992
  4. ^ Harris, Robert (1986). Selling Hitler. London: Faber and Faber. p. 113. ISBN 0-571-14726-7.
  5. ^ Harris, Robert (1986). Selling Hitler. London: Faber and Faber. p. 113. ISBN 0-571-14726-7.
  6. ^ "From bohemia to a life of nobility". Sydney Morning Herald. 31 October 2003. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  7. ^ Burke, Sir Bernard, (1938 ed) Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage. Shaw, London. p. 243
  8. ^ a b c Woodfall, H. (1768). The Peerage of England; Containing a Genealogical and Historical Account of All the Peers of that Kingdom Etc. Fourth Edition, Carefully Corrected, and Continued to the Present Time, Volume 6. p. 258.
  9. ^ a b Lee, Sidney; Edwards, A. S. G. (revised) (2004). "Thynne, William (d. 1546)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27426.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  10. ^ Girouard, Mark, Thynne, Sir John (1515–1580), estate manager and builder of Longleat in Oxford Dictionary of Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004)
  11. ^ Booth, Muriel. "Thynne, John (?1550–1604), of Longleat, Wilts". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  12. ^ Lancaster, Henry; Thrush, Andrew. "Thynne, Charles (c.1568–1652), of Cheddar, Som". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  13. ^ Pugh, R. B.; Crittall, Elizabeth, eds. (1957). "Parliamentary history: 1529–1629". A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 5. British History Online. London: Victoria County History.
  14. ^ Ferris, John P. "Thynne, Sir James (c.1605-70), of Longbridge Deverill, Wilts". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  15. ^ Helms, M. W.; Ferris, John P. "Thynne, Sir Thomas (c.1610–c.69), of Richmond, Surr". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  16. ^ Marshall, Alan (2008) [2004]. "Thynne, Thomas [nicknamed Tom of Ten Thousand] (1647/8–1682)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27423.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  17. ^ Heath-Caldwell, J. J. "Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess of Bath, 3rd Viscount Weymouth". JJ Heath-Caldwell. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  18. ^ Hayton, D. W. "Thynne, Hon. Henry (1675-1708)". The History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  19. ^ Dunaway, Stewart (2013). Lord John Carteret, Earl Granville: His Life History and the Granville Grants. Lulu. p. 33. ISBN 9781300878070.
  20. ^ "Bath, Thomas Thynne". Encyclopedia Britannica 1911. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  21. ^ Thorne, Roland. "Carteret [formerly Thynne], Henry Frederick". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  22. ^ "Thomas Thynne, 2nd Marquess of Bath (1765–1837)". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  23. ^ Escott, Margaret. "Thynne, Lord Henry Frederick (1797-1837), of 6 Grovesnor Square, Mdx". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  24. ^ "John Thynne, 4th Marquess of Bath (1831-1896), Diplomat and landowner". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 2 January 2016.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Frederick Gould
Member of Parliament for Frome
1931–1935
Succeeded by
Mavis Tate
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Thynne
Marquess of Bath
1946–1992
Succeeded by
Alexander Thynn