Henry Torrens (British Army officer)

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Sir Henry Torrens
Henrytorrens.jpg
Major-General Sir Henry Torrens
Born 1779
Died 1828
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Major-General
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

Major-General Sir Henry Torrens KCB (1779– 23 August 1828) was an Adjutant-General to the Forces.

Early life[edit]

Torrens was born in Derry, Ireland in 1779. He was the youngest son of the Reverend Thomas Torrens and his wife Elizabeth Curry. He lost both his parents at an early age, and was educated at a military academy in Dublin.[1] Robert Torrens, judge of the Court of Common Pleas (Ireland), was his brother and Robert's namesake Colonel Robert Torrens, the economist, was his first cousin. The family was of Swedish origin.

Military career[edit]

Torrens was commissioned as an ensign into the 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot in 1793 at the age of 14.[2] In 1796 he served under Abercrombie in the West Indies, where he displayed great bravery, was wounded, and rewarded with a company. He served in Portugal in 1798; in Holland under the Duke of York in 1799; and afterwards in Nova Scotia, Egypt, and India.[1]

In 1799 Torrens went to Den Helder where he was involved in battles at Hoorne and at Egmond aan Zee: at the latter he was wounded by a bullet.[2] In 1805 he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel. After seeing service at Buenos Aires in 1807, he accompanied Sir Arthur Wellesley as military secretary to Portugal in 1808, and was present at the battles of Roliça and Vimiera.[1]

Torrens rose to be appointed Military Secretary in 1809. He attained the rank of major-general in 1814, and was gazetted K.C.B. and then Adjutant-General to the Forces in 1820.[2] The onerous task of revising the army regulations and introducing many improvements was imposed upon him.

Torrens died while out riding with his wife and daughters at Welwyn, Hertfordshire on 23 August 1828, aged 48.[1][2]

Family[edit]

In 1803 he married Sarah Patton at St. Helena, the daughter of the Governor of St. Helena,[1] and together they went on to have four sons and two daughters.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Webb, Alfred (1878). A Compendium of Irish Biography. Dublin: M. H. Gill & son. p. 534. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Sir Henry Torrens at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Military offices
Preceded by
James Gordon
Military Secretary
1809–1820
Succeeded by
Sir Herbert Taylor
Preceded by
Sir George Beckwith
Colonel of the 2nd West India Regiment
1818–1822
Succeeded by
Sir John Byng
Preceded by
Sir Harry Calvert
Adjutant General
1820–1828
Succeeded by
Sir Herbert Taylor
Preceded by
James Coates
Colonel of the 2nd (The Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot
1822–1828
Succeeded by
Sir James Kempt