Henry Trotter (Indian Army officer)

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Sir Henry Trotter
Born(1841-08-30)30 August 1841
Died25 September 1919(1919-09-25) (aged 78)
Chobham, Surrey
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Indian Army
RankLieutenant Colonel
AwardsKnight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Companion of the Order of the Bath

Lieutenant Colonel Sir Henry Trotter, KCMG, CB (30 August 1841[1] – 25 September 1919[2][3][4]) was a British Indian Army officer in the Royal Engineers, an author, and an explorer of Central Asia.


Trotter attended Addiscombe Military Seminary from 1858 to 1860, and was awarded his commission in the Royal Engineers, Bengal on 8 June 1860.[1] He sailed to India in 1862, and from 1863 to 1875 served on the Great Trigonometric Survey. He was a member of the Second Yarkand Mission to Sinkiang to visit the territory ruled by Yakub Beg: the mission had 350 support staff and 6,476 porters,[5] and was led by Sir Thomas Douglas Forsyth. Among the other Indian Army officers were Thomas E. Gordon, John Biddulph, Henry Bellew, Ferdinand Stoliczka and R. A. Champman. During the exhibition Trotter was the first recorded European to have shot an Ovis Poli.[4] Trotter, now a captain, joined the special service in China in 1876 and he served as assistant military attaché at Constantinople during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78;[4] Trotter was present at the fall of Erzurum to the Russians.[4] In 1879, now a major, he was appointed consul for Kurdistan;[6] and in 1880 he was appointed consul at Erzurum.[7] From 1882 to 1889 he served as military attaché at Constantinople, following which he became British consul-general in Syria, based in Beirut.[1]

In 1906 Trotter retired from public service and in 1907 he began to work with the Central Asian Society. He served as a member of council for the society and from 1917 to 1918 he was president of the society.[4] Trotter was invested as a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) and a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB).[2][3]

Trotter died on 25 September 1919 at Lucas Green Manor, Chobham, Surrey.


Henry Trotter was the fourth son of Alexander Trotter (1804–1865), a wealthy stockbroker for Coutts Bank and his first wife Jacqueline Elizabeth Otter (1811–1849), a daughter of William Otter, Bishop of Chichester.

On 15 October 1890 Trotter married Olivia Georgiana Wellesley, daughter of Admiral George Wellesley and Elizabeth Lukin.[2][3] He and his wife had two daughters, Jacqueline Theodora (1894–1948) and Angela Olivia in 1897.[8]

He was survived by his wife and daughters.[2] In 1926 Trotter's daughter Angela married Edmond Pery, 5th Earl of Limerick. Her son, Trotter's grandson, was Patrick Pery, 6th Earl of Limerick.[8]

List of publications[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Vibart, H.M. (1894). Addiscombe: its heroes and men of note. Westminster: Archibald Constable. pp. 646–7, 702.
  2. ^ a b c d "No. 32300". The London Gazette. 21 April 1921. p. 3227.
  3. ^ a b c "Person Page – 8526". The Peerage. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e Yate, A.C. (1920). "Obituary: Lieut-Colonel Sir Henry Trotter, R.E. (Retired), K.C.M.G., C.B.". Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society. 7 (1): 32–33. doi:10.1080/03068372008724772.
  5. ^ Hruby, Jiri (2005). "Ferdinand Stoliczka". Birding Asia. 3: 50–56.
  6. ^ "No. 24734". The London Gazette. 17 June 1879. p. 3965.
  7. ^ "No. 24837". The London Gazette. 23 April 1880. p. 2657.
  8. ^ a b "Person Page – 8525". The Peerage. Retrieved 16 June 2012.