Henry Vane, 1st Earl of Darlington

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Arms of Vane: Azure, three sinister gauntlets (appaumée) or[1] These are a difference of the arms of the Fane family, Earls of Westmorland from 1624, which show: three dexter gauntlets back affrontée, with identical tinctures

Henry Vane, 1st Earl of Darlington PC (c. 1705 – 6 March 1758) was an English peer, the son of Gilbert Vane, 2nd Baron Barnard.

Vane was Whig MP for Launceston from 1726 to 1727, St Mawes between 1727 and 1741 and Ripon between 1741 and 1747 and County Durham between 1747 and 1753.


Vane was born in about 1705. He was the first son of Gilbert Vane, second Baron Barnard of Raby Castle, Staindrop, in co. Durham, and his wife, Mary who was the heir of a member of parliament.[2] His sister Anne Vane was a mistress to George II.[3]

Vane was Vice Treasurer and Paymaster General of Ireland between 1742 and 1744 and became a Privy Counsellor (Ireland) in 1742. From 1749 to 1755, he was a Lord of the Treasury, Lord Lieutenant of Durham between 1753 and 1758 and Joint Paymaster of the Forces between 1755 and 1756. In 1753, he became 3rd Baron Barnard on the death of his father and was created 1st Earl of Darlington and 1st Viscount Barnard a year later.


On 2 September 1725, he married Lady Grace Fitzroy, daughter of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland and they had seven children.[4]

  1. Hon. Charles Vane
  2. Lady Harriet Vane, d. 1758
  3. Lady Mary Vane
  4. Henry Vane, 2nd Earl of Darlington, b. 1726, d. 8 Sep 1792
  5. Lady Anne Vane, a botanist, 1726 - 1776[5]
  6. Hon. Frederick Vane, b. 26 Jun 1732
  7. Hon. Raby Vane, b. 2 Jan 1736, d. 23 Oct 1769


  1. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.115, which omits appaumée, useful in differentiating from Fane arms; concerning appaumée Cussans (1898) states: "In blazoning a Hand, besides stating what position it occupies, and whether it be the dexter or sinister, and erased or couped, it must be mentioned whether it be clenched or appaumé". (Cussans, John, Handbook of Heraldry, 2nd Edition, London, 1868, p.47 [1], p.92)
  2. ^ A. A. Hanham, ‘Vane, Henry, first earl of Darlington (c.1705–1758)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, May 2008 accessed 19 Feb 2017
  3. ^ Matthew Kilburn, ‘Vane, Anne (d. 1736)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2008 accessed 19 Feb 2017
  4. ^ "Henry Vane, 1st Earl of Darlington". /ThePeerage.com. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  5. ^ "Lady Anne Monson (Biographical details)". British Museum. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Willes
John Freind
Member of Parliament for Launceston
With: John Freind
Succeeded by
John King
Arthur Tremayne
Preceded by
Sidney Godolphin
Samuel Molyneux
Member of Parliament for St Mawes
With: John Knight 1727–1728
William East 1728–1734
Richard Plumer 1734–1741
Succeeded by
Robert Nugent
James Douglas
Preceded by
William Aislabie
Thomas Duncombe
Member of Parliament for Ripon
With: William Aislabie
Succeeded by
William Aislabie
Sir Charles Vernon
Preceded by
John Hedworth
George Bowes
Member of Parliament for County Durham
With: George Bowes
Succeeded by
George Bowes
The Hon. Henry Vane
Honorary titles
Title last held by
The Bishop of Durham
Lord Lieutenant of Durham
Succeeded by
The Earl of Darlington
Title last held by
The Earl of Scarbrough
Vice-Admiral of Durham
Title next held by
The Earl of Darlington
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Gilbert Vane
Baron Barnard
Succeeded by
Henry Vane
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
(new creation)
Earl of Darlington
Succeeded by
Henry Vane