Henry Vaughan (architect)

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Henry Vaughan
Henry Vaughan, circa 1907.jpg
Henry Vaughan

Cheshire, England
DiedJune 30, 1917
Newton Centre, Massachusetts
Known forChurch architecture in the English Gothic style
Spouse(s)Mary Shellow

Henry Vaughan (1845 – June 30, 1917) was a prolific and talented church architect who came to America from England to bring the English Gothic style to the American branch of the Anglican Communion (the Episcopal Church). He was an apprentice under George Frederick Bodley and went on to great success popularizing the Gothic Revival style.


Vaughan was born in Cheshire, England. When he was a child, his family relocated to Dollar in Clackmannanshire, Scotland. He attended Dollar Academy, and was awarded a bronze medal in art from the school in 1863. He then began his apprenticeship under Bodley, eventually becoming head draftsman at the firm of Bodley and Garner.

In 1881, Vaughan came to America, settling in Boston and opening an office in Pemberton Square. He married Mary Shellow a few years later and they had ten children together. He rapidly found success with the Anglican (Episcopal) and Catholic churches. His first commission in the USA was the Chapel of the Society of Saint Margaret.

In the mid-1880s, Vaughan began to receive commissions from Edward Francis Searles, working on numerous projects continuing through until Vaughan's death.

Vaughan died in 1917 in the Boston suburb of Newton Centre, and was interred at the Washington National Cathedral.[1]


Washington National Cathedral, Washington, DC
Christ Church, New Haven, CT

Notable Vaughan projects include:

Collaborations with Edward Francis Searles[edit]

  • Searles High School, (1898) Great Barrington MA
  • Searles High School (1904), Methuen, MA
  • Serlo Organ Hall (completed 1909, now known as Methuen Memorial Music Hall) and Pine Lodge Mansion in Methuen, MA
  • Stillwater Manor, a 24-room 3-story mansion in Salem, NH
  • Stanton Harcourt Castle, now known as Searles Castle, Windham, NH. 20 room castle completed in 1915 at a cost of approximately $1,250,000, modeled on the Stanton Harcourt Castle in Oxfordshire, England.
  • Dream House, now known as Searles Mansion, Block Island, RI. Constructed 1886-1888 as a home for Searles and his wife, it had a "twin house" design with each of the Searles' having a separate identical side of the mansion.
  • Mary Francis Searles Science Building, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, ME
  • various schools and churches


  1. ^ "Henry Vaughan, Find A Grave". Retrieved March 21, 2016.
  2. ^ "The Architectural History of St. Paul's School". Retrieved March 21, 2016.

External links[edit]