Henry Vaughan Lanchester
Henry Vaughan Lanchester
|Awards||Royal Gold Medal (1934)|
|Buildings||Cardiff City Hall|
Henry Vaughan Lanchester (1863–1953) was a British architect working in London. He served as editor of The Builder, was a co-founder of the Town Planning Institute and a recipient of the Royal Gold Medal.
Lanchester was born in St John's Wood, London. His father, Henry Jones Lanchester (1816–1890), was an established architect, and his younger brother, Frederick W. Lanchester (1868–1946), was to become an engineer. He was articled to his father, but also worked in the offices of London architects F.J. Eadle, T.W. Cutler and George Sherrin from 1884-1894. He studied at the Royal Academy in 1886, won the Aldwinckle Prize and, in 1889, the Owen Jones Studentship.
His first architectural work was Kingswood House, Sydenham, in 1892, and he established his own practice in 1894. His first fully independent work in 1896 were offices in Old Street, for Messrs Bovril Ltd. He formed a partnership in 1896 with James A. Stewart (1865 or 6-1908) and Edwin Alfred Rickards (1872–1920). As Lanchester, Stewart and Rickards, in 1897 the firm won the competition to build Cardiff City Hall.
Lanchester was editor of The Builder from 1910-12. In 1912, he visited India and prepared a report on the planning of New Delhi as well as preparing plans for Madras. In 1914 he was one of the founder members of the Town Planning Institute in London. He formed a new partnership in 1923, Lanchester, Lucas & Lodge, with Thomas Geoffry Lucas and Thomas Arthur Lodge.
- Cardiff City Hall (1897–1905)
- Cardiff Law Courts (1901–04)
- The Town Hall Deptford, London (1902–07; today part of Goldsmiths, University of London)
- Methodist Central Hall, Westminster (1905–11)
- Third Church of Christ Scientist, Curzon Street, Westminster (1910–12) tower (1931–32)
- The Post Office Lucknow (1916)
- Housing schemes in Portsmouth & Weybridge (1920–23)
- Council Building for the United Provinces, Lucknow (1921)
- Planned new suburbs in Rangoon (1921)
- Planned new suburbs in Zanzibar (1922)
- Harrogate Hospital (1925)
- Hospital Cairo (1927)
- Parkinson Building, Leeds University (1927–1951)
- Umaid Bhawan Palace, Jodhpur, India (1929–43)
List of published work
- Town Planning in Madras (1918)
- Zanzibar a Study in Tropical Town Planning (1923)
- Fischer von Erlach (1924)
- Talks on Town Planning (1924)
- The Art of Town Planning (1925)
- Outline of Studies in Town Planning (1944)
Gallery of work
- Page 232 Edwardian Architecture: A Biographical Dictionary, A. Stuart Gray 2nd Edition 1988
- Page 9, Directory of British Architects 1834-1914 Volume 2: L-Z, Antonia Brodie, Alison Felstead, Jonathan Franklin, Leslie Pinfield and Jane Oldfield, 2001 Continuum
- Chapter IX H.V. Lanchester, Representative British Architects of the Present Day, C.H. Reilly, 1931 B.T. Batsford Ltd