H. V. Morton

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H. V. Morton
HV Morton.jpg
BornHenry Vollam Morton[1]
(1892-07-26)26 July 1892
Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancashire, England
Died18 June 1979(1979-06-18) (aged 86)
Somerset West, South Africa[1]
OccupationJournalist and writer
NationalityBritish
CitizenshipBritish
South African
GenreTravel writing, Journalism
Notable worksIn Search of... series
SpouseDorothy Vaughton
Violet Mary Muskett
Website
www.hvmorton.co.uk

Henry Canova Vollam Morton FRSL (known as H. V. Morton), (26 July 1892 – 18 June 1979) was a journalist and pioneering travel writer from Lancashire, England. He was best known for his many books on London, Great Britain and the Holy Land. He first achieved fame in 1923 when, while working for the Daily Express, he covered the opening of the Tomb of Tutankhamun by Howard Carter.

Life[edit]

Early life[edit]

Morton was born at Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancashire, on 26 July 1892, the son of Joseph Morton, editor of the Birmingham Mail, and Margaret Maclean Ewart. He was educated at King Edward's School in Birmingham but left at the age of 16 to pursue a career in journalism. He served in the Warwickshire Yeomanry during World War I,[1] but saw no combat action. He married Dorothy Vaughton (born 1887) on 14 September 1915. They had three children, Michael, Barbara and John. They later divorced, and on 4 January 1934, he married Violet Mary Muskett (née Greig, born 1900). They had a son, Timothy.

Later life[edit]

In the late 1940s Morton, and Violet, emigrated to the Union of South Africa, settling near Cape Town in Somerset West. He later became a South African citizen, and remained a permanent resident until his death in 1979. Morton and his son were survived by Violet.

Journalism[edit]

Morton's journalism career began in 1910 at the Birmingham Gazette and Express, where his father was an editor. Two years later, he was promoted to an assistant editor; and relocated to London for most of his British career, on various national newspapers and magazines. His first position in London was as a sub-editor for the Daily Mail.[1]

After his military service during First World War, Morton returned to London to resume his journalism career: in 1919 on the Evening Standard, and from 1921 on the Daily Express. His columns on London life in the latter were popular among readers.

Morton also gave readings of his work on BBC radio.[2]

Tomb of Tutankhamun[edit]

In 1923 the Daily Express sent Morton to Egypt to cover the excavation of Tutankhamun's tomb.[3] Morton was able to provide an eye witness account of the opening of the inner burial chamber containing the sarcophagus of Tutankhamun,[4] circumventing The Times exclusive rights to the story. A day after the opening, the discovery was reported in the Daily Express:

The romantic secret of the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamen in the Valley of the Kings at Luxor was revealed yesterday when, for the first time in 3,000 years, the inner chamber of the tomb was entered. Every expectation was surpassed. Within the chamber stood an immense sarcophagus of glittering gold, which is almost certain to contain the mummy of the king. Wonderful paintings, including that of a giant cat, covered the walls. A second chamber was crowded with priceless treasures.[5]

His widely-read articles on the excavation helped establish Morton's reputation as a journalist and were a boon to the popularity of his travel writing and journalism. Between 1931 and 1942, he was "special writer" at the Daily Herald. In 1941, he was a reporter at the Atlantic Charter between Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt, which later became the subject of his book Atlantic Meeting, published 1943.[6]

Travel writing[edit]

Morton's first book, The Heart of London, appeared in 1925, which developed his popular Daily Express columns. This was followed by two further collections of his writings on London, in The Spell of London (1926), and Nights of London (1926). In 1926 he drove around England in a bull-nosed Morris, the basis of his vignette In Search of England (1927), a bestseller and first of his many In Search of... books.

Morton's first foreign travel book, In the Steps of the Master (1934), was well received and sold over half a million copies.[citation needed] The Master of the title was Jesus, and the book was an account of Morton's travels in the Holy Land. This was soon followed by In the Steps of St. Paul (1936), and describes Turkey 13 years after the Turkish War of Independence and its founding as a modern state.[7] This was followed by Through Lands of the Bible (1938) in which he visits Egypt, Palestine, Syria and Iraq. Extracts from all three books were combined and published as Middle East during World War II for British servicemen stationed in the Middle East.

In addition to Atlantic Meeting (1941), Morton wrote two books describing England and the War, including collection of essays on London in Ghosts of London (1939), I Saw Two Englands (1942), and I, James Blunt describing England after the Nazi victory, being fictional propaganda for the British Government. A full-length history of London, (In Search of London) (1951), includes a post-war examination of bombing damage inflicted on London during The Blitz. After the war, South Africa was the subject of In Search of South Africa (1948), and shortly afterwards he and his wife emigrated there. During the mid-1950s and 60s he wrote on books on Spain and Italy. A Traveller in Italy is situated in Northern Italy, while A Traveller in Southern Italy explores the poorer provinces of the south.

Honours[edit]

Morton became a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature (FRSL).[when?] Greece made him a Commander of the Order of the Phoenix in 1937 and he was awarded the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic in 1965. A commemorative blue plaque was erected in Ashton-under-Lyne (Morton's birthplace) in June 2004.

Controversy[edit]

A controversial biography by Michael Bartholomew, based on Morton's private and public writings, titled In Search of H. V. Morton, was published by Methuen in 2004. According to Bartholomew, based on Morton's private memoirs and diaries, Morton was privately a Nazi sympathizer. In a diary entry from February 1941, he confessed: "I must say Nazi-ism has some fine qualities" and, "I am appalled to discover how many of Hitler's theories appeal to me".[8] In another entry, he described the United States as "that craven nation of Jews and foreigners".[citation needed]

Publications[edit]

Morton was a prolific writer, with a body of work consisting of several hundred newspaper, magazine articles and features, in addition to his published books.

Title Year
The Heart of London 11 June 1925
The Spell of London 11 February 1926
London June 1926
The London Scene 1926
The London Year, A Book of Many Moods
The Nights of London 11 November 1926
When You go to London 1927
May Fair: How the Site of a Low Carnival Became the Heart of Fashionable London 1927
In Search of England 2 June 1927
The Call of England 7 June 1928
In Search of Scotland 1 August 1929
The Soul of Scotland 1930
In Search of Ireland 4 December 1930
In Search of Wales 16 June 1932
Blue Days at Sea, and Other Essays 20 October 1932
Glastonbury, the Jerusalem of England 1933
What I Saw in The Slums 1933
A London Year 1933
In Scotland Again 26 October 1933
In The Steps of the Master October 1934
Our Fellow Men 7 May 1936
In The Steps of St. Paul October 1936
London: A Guide 1937
Through Lands of The Bible 27 October 1938
The Ghosts of London 16 November 1939
Travel in War Time circa 1940
H.V. Morton's London 31 October 1940
Women of the Bible 21 November 1940
Middle East 5 June 1941
I, James Blunt 1942
I Saw Two Englands 15 October 1942
Atlantic Meeting 1 April 1943
Travels in Palestine and Syria September 1944
In Search of South Africa 21 October 1948
In Search of London 24 May 1951
In The Steps of Jesus 1953
A Stranger in Spain 3 February 1955
A Traveller in Rome 29 August 1957
This is Rome 1959
This is the Holy Land 1961
A Traveller in Italy 24 September 1964
The Waters of Rome 1966
A Traveller in Southern Italy 1969
H.V. Morton's Britain February 1969
The Fountains of Rome (new edition of The Waters of Rome) 1970
H.V. Morton's England 5 June 1975
The Splendour of Scotland 11 November 1976
The Magic of Ireland 17 August 1978
In Search of The Holy Land April 1979

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Mr H. V. Morton". The Times. 23 November 1979. p. VI. Retrieved 15 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "A Tale of Britain". Radio Times (836). 6 October 1939. p. 13. ISSN 0033-8060. Retrieved 1 January 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Winstone, H.V.F. (2006). Howard Carter and the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun. Barzan, Manchester. p. 184. ISBN 1-905521-04-9.
  4. ^ "Buried History: Tutankhamun". Archived from the original on 11 March 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ Daily Express, 17 February 1923
  6. ^ Methuen Publishers
  7. ^ H. V. Morton. In the Steps of St Paul, London: Rich & Cowan, 1936. (Available as free ebook, from Kobo)
  8. ^ Hastings, Max (9 May 2004). "A very English hypocrite". The Telegraph. Retrieved 27 May 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links[edit]