Henry Wilberforce Clarke
Henry Wilberforce Clarke (1840–1905) was the translator of Persian works by mystic poets Saadi, Hafez, Nizami and Suhrawardi, as well as writing some works himself. He was an officer in the British India corps Bengal Engineers, and the grandson of William Stanley Clarke, Director (1815–1842) and Chairman (1835–1836) of the East India Company.
Born in 1840, his father was Richard Henley Clarke and mother was Charlotte Raikes (Clarke). His siblings were William Henley Stanley Clarke, Caroline Eliza Stanley Clarke and Alice Mary Clarke. His grandfather was William Stanley Clarke, Director (1815–1842) and later chairman (1835–1836) of the East India Company.
He started his career with the Royal Engineers, and joined Bengal Engineers, then a part of the British Indian Army's Bengal Army, in 1860. He took part in the Abyssinia campaign of 1867, Nile Expedition of 1884–1885, and was subsequently made Lt. Colonel in 1887.
The work (1891) was presented as follows:
- The Dīvān
- written in the fourteenth century
- Khwāja Shamsu-d-Dīn Muhammad-i-Hāfiz-i-Shīrāzī
- otherwise known as
- Lisānu-l-Ghaib and Tarjumānu-l-Asrār.
Translated for the first time out of the Persian into English prose, with critical and explanatory remarks, with an introductory preface, with a note on Sūfī,ism, and with a life of the author,
- by: Lieut.-Col. H. Wilberforce Clarke
- Royal (late Bengal) Engineers,
- Life-Member of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland; and Member of the Asiatic Society of Bengal.
- Author of "The Persian Manual";
- first translator (out of the Persian) of the "Būstān-i-Sa'dī" (Saadi) and of "The Sikandar Nāma,-i-Nīzamī" (Nizami)
- Author of "Notes on Elephants"; of "The Sextant"; of "Longitude by Lunar Distance"; and of "The Transverse Strength of a Railway-Rail"
- The Divan of Hafez
- Saadi's Bostan
- The Sikandar Nama (Romance of Alexander) of Nizami
- "A Dervish Textbook" (a partial translation of the Gifts of Deep Knowledge, the Awarif el-Maarif) by Suhrawardi (1891). This book was reprinted by Octagon Press in 1980.
- The Persian Manual. Wm. H Allen & Co. , London. 1878.
- Notes on Elephants
- The Sextant
- Longitude by Lunar Distance
- The Transverse Strength of a Railway-Rail
- Report on the Railway Famine-traffic: in the Presidencies of Madras and Bombay and Mysore. Central Press, Calcutta. 1880.
- "William Stanley CLARKE". genealogy.links.org. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
- Parvin Loloi (4 March 2004). Hafiz, Master of Persian Poetry: A Critical Bibliography. I.B. Tauris. pp. 329–. ISBN 978-1-86064-923-3.
- "Henry Wilberforce CLARKE genealogy". genealogy.links.org. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
- James McGonigal; Richard Price (2000). The Star You Steer by: Basil Bunting and British Modernism. Rodopi. pp. 193–. ISBN 90-420-1214-5.
- Hafez, Khwāja Shamsu-d-Dīn Muḥammad-i-Ḥāfiz-i-Shīrāzī (1974). The dīvān. Translated by H. Wilberforce Clarke. London: Octagon Press. ISBN 0-900860-18-9.
- available online at persian.packhum.org
- Muḥammad-i-Sahrawardī, Shahābu-d-Dīn ʻUmar bin (1980). A Dervish textbook from the ʻAwarifu-l-maʻarif. Translated by H. Wilberforce Clarke (Reprinted ed.). London: Octagon Press. ISBN 978-0-900860-73-7.