Henry William Stiegel
|Henry William Stiegel|
|Born||Heinrich Wilhelm Stiegel
May 13, 1729
|Died||January 10, 1785
|Other names||'Baron' Stiegel|
|Years active||1752 - 1774|
Stiegel was the eldest of six children born to John Frederick and Dorothea Elizabeth Stiegel in the Free Imperial City of Cologne. He immigrated to British North America in 1750 with his mother and younger brother, Anthony (his father and other siblings had died). The Stiegels sailed on a ship known as the Nancy, and arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on August 31, 1750.
After arriving, Stiegel took a job in Philadelphia with Charles and Alexander Stedman, most likely as a clerk or bookkeeper. In 1752, Stiegel moved to what is now Lancaster County, Pennsylvania to work with Jacob Huber, an ironworker. He married Huber's daughter, eighteen-year-old Elizabeth, the same year. The couple had two daughters, Barbara (born 1756) and Elizabeth (born 1758). Elizabeth Huber Stiegel died on February 13, 1758, only ten days after giving birth to their second daughter. Stiegel married his second wife, Elizabeth Holtz, within a year. They had a son named Jacob.
When Jacob Huber died in 1758, Stiegel and several business partners from Philadelphia assumed ownership of Huber's foundry and renamed it Elizabeth Furnace (in honor of his wife). Stiegel later built Charming Forge, another iron furnace near Lancaster.
An active lay Lutheran and associate of Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, he donated the land on which the Lutheran church in Manheim, Pennsylvania is now built. Stiegel was also a founding member of the German Society of Pennsylvania, formed in 1764 to aid newly arrived German immigrants. He led the fundraising efforts to secure the plot of land on which the Society's first building was eventually erected.
- Bigelow, Barbara (12 December 2012). "Henry William Stiegel". Immigrant Entrepreneurship: German-American Business Biographies, 1720 to the Present. German Historical Institute. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- Wilson, Kenneth M (1995). American Glass, 1760-1930. Hudson Hills Press. p. 57.
- Seidentsticker, O., & Heinrici, M. (1917). Geschichte der Deutschen Gesellschaft von Pennsylvanien, 1764-1917. Philadelphia, Pa.: Neudruck von Graf & Breuninger, p. 577-578, "Stiegel, H. W." [biographical sketch]. In German.
- Seidensticker & Heinrici (1917), p. 71. In German.
- George L. Heiges, Henry William Stiegel and His Associates: A Story of Early American Industry, 1948, 227 pages.
- F. W. Hunter, "Baron Stiegel and American Glass," in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, Vol. 8, No. 12 (Dec., 1913), pp. 258–261.
- I Lift My Lamp by Anna Balmer Myers is a historical novel about the early settlement of Lancaster County that features Henry William Stiegel and his glassworks in Manheim, a Mennonite Eby family, and the Ephrata Cloister.
- Baron Stiegel by M.H. Stine is a historical tale about Henry William Stiegel's life struggles and accomplishments.
- Article on Stiegel from the Manheim Historical Society
- Pennsylvania Colonial Iron Production at Elizabeth Furnace: An Archaeological and Historical Analysis