Henry de Lacy, 3rd Earl of Lincoln
|Henry de Lacy|
|Earl of Lincoln|
|Predecessor||Margaret de Quincy, 2nd Countess of Lincoln|
|Successor||Alice de Lacy, 4th Countess of Lincoln|
|Father||Edmund de Lacy, Baron of Pontefract|
|Mother||Alasia of Saluzzo|
|Died||February 1311 (aged around 60)
Lincoln's Inn, London, England
|Buried||Saint Paul's Cathedral|
Henry was the son of Edmund de Lacy, Baron of Pontefract who died when he was a young child. He was also heir to his paternal grandmother Margaret de Quincy, Countess of Lincoln who died when he was a teenager. As ward to large and important estates from both his father and more importantly his grandmother, he was educated at court.
In 1258 he had inherited his titles and lands from his father, which included Baron of Pontefract, Baron of Halton, and Constable of Chester and in about 1266 he had inherited his titles and lands, which included the Earl of Lincoln, from his paternal grandmother Margaret de Quincy. However being a minor in both cases his inheritance was held in a wardship by his mother, and with the help of his grandmother in the years before her death. In 1272, on reaching the age of majority, which was 21, he became the Earl of Lincoln.
Following the English Conquest of Wales in 1282 (known in Wales as the Norman Conquest) in which Henry took part, he was granted the Lordship of Denbigh. He authorised the building of Denbigh Castle. At the battle of Falkirk 1298 and in the siege of Carlaverock 1300 he bore as arms: Or, a lion rampant purpure.
In November 1300, he was sent on a mission to Rome to complain to the Pope about injury done by the Scots.
He transferred the monastery from Stanlow to Whalley. He is the addressee, or joint composer, of a poem (a tenson) by Walter of Bibbesworth about crusading, La pleinte par entre missire Henry de Lacy et sire Wauter de Bybelesworthe pur la croiserie en la terre seinte.
Marriage and progeny
He married twice:
- Firstly to Margaret Longespée, daughter of Sir William III Longespée by his wife Maud de Clifford. Their only daughter and heiress was Alice de Lacy, 4th Countess of Lincoln (1281–1348) who married Thomas, Earl of Lancaster.
- Secondly to Joan FitzMartin (d.1322), as her first husband, sister of William II FitzMartin (d.1326), feudal baron of Barnstaple, Devon. No progeny resulted.
He died at his London home, Lincoln's Inn, and was buried in the old St Paul's Cathedral. His grave and monument were destroyed along with the cathedral in the Great Fire of London in 1666. A modern monument in the crypt lists De Lacy among the important graves lost.
|Ancestors of Henry de Lacy, 3rd Earl of Lincoln|
Notes and references
- He was knighted this year, and seems to have taken seisin of his lands and title at the same time: J. S. Hamilton, 'Lacy, Henry de, fifth earl of Lincoln (1249–1311)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 (accessed 29 Jan 2008)
- Denbigh History
- (F.) (i.e. Falkirk Roll of Arms); Nobility and Parliamentary Rolls, "Some Feudal Coats of Arms", page 145.
- J. S. Hamilton, ‘Lacy, Henry de, fifth earl of Lincoln (1249–1311)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 13 May 2013
- Douglas Richardson. Magna Carta Ancestry, Genealogical Publishing, 2004. pg 481.
- Sanders, Ivor, English Baronies, Oxford, 1960, p.105
|Peerage of England|
Margaret de Quincy
2nd Countess of Lincoln suo jure
|Earl of Lincoln
together with her spouse
Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster,
Earl of Lincoln jure uxoris
Alice de Lacy
4th Countess of Lincoln suo jure