Henryk Muszyński

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His Excellency
Henryk Muszyński
Archbishop Emeritus of Gniezno
Primate Emeritus of Poland
Achbishop Henryk Muszyński
Church Roman Catholic
Archdiocese Gniezno
Diocese Gniezno
Predecessor Józef Glemp
Successor Józef Kowalczyk
Personal details
Born (1934-03-20) 20 March 1934 (age 83)
Nationality Polish
Motto In Verbo Tuo
(At Thy word)
Coat of Henryk Muszyński

Henryk Józef Muszyński (born March 20, 1934 in Kościerzyna, Kashubia) is the Primate Emeritus of Poland and former Archbishop of Gniezno, Poland, having been appointed by Pope John Paul II when the Polish hierarchy was reorganized in March 1992. He had previously been Bishop of Włocławek since 1987.


He is known for his Biblical studies, especially concerning the Qumran manuscripts.

He is considered[by whom?] to be progressive and open to accepting different religions and civilizations.

Together with Danuta Hubner and Tadeusz Pieronek, Muszyński coauthored a reflection on the integration of Polish Christianity into the European Union. This reflection persuaded many Polish rectors to become proponents of Poland's accession to the European Union in 2004.

Primate Henryk Muszyński (right) and Józef Glemp (left)

Historically, the Archbishop of Gniezno served simultaneously as the Primate of Poland. But when the reorganization of the Polish Church's ecclesiastical structure severed the See from Warsaw, an exception was made to continue the long-standing tradition until the retirement of the Archbishop of Warsaw, who had previously been Archbishop of both cities. On 1 November 2006 Pope Benedict XVI sent a letter to Józef Glemp confirming that Cardinal Glemp would be the Primate of Poland until 18 December 2009, his 80th birthday.[1] After that, Pope Benedict XVI sent letter to Primate of Poland Henryk Muszyński with his blessings and compliments for his future service.[2]

According to controversial records saved in Instytut Pamięci Narodowej, since 1985 to 1989 Henryk Muszyński was registered as secret collaborator of communist Służba Bezpieczeństwa,[3] however he states that he did not agree and not even know[3] about that fact, and that his superiors where informed[3] about all talks with communists (these talks are considered obligate and unavoidable). Muszyński himself expressed[3] regret, if it could happened that he resisted ineffectively.

Archbishop Muszynski has sought to constantly improve relations with Jews [1] and Germans. He was praised by Pope Benedict XVI for doing this in 2005.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Letter of Pope Benedict XVI to Primate of Poland Józef card. Glemp, in: L’Osservatore Romano 1 (2007), p. 61
  2. ^ (in Polish) Letter of Pope Benedict XVI to His Brother Primate of Poland Henryk Muszyński
  3. ^ a b c d (in Polish) Ewa K. Czaczkowska, Abp Muszyński: zostałem zarejestrowany jako TW, Rzeczpospolita, 14 08 2008
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Jan Zaręba
Bishop of Włocławek
Succeeded by
Bronisław Dembowski
Preceded by
Józef Glemp
Archbishop of Gniezno
Succeeded by
Józef Kowalczyk
Preceded by
Józef Glemp
Primate of Poland
Succeeded by
Józef Kowalczyk