Henryk Siemiradzki in later life
October 24, 1843
Novobelgorod, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire (now Pechenegi, Kharkiv oblast, Ukraine)
|Died||August 23, 1902
Strzałkowo, Vistula Land
|Education||Imperial Academy of Arts|
|Notable work||Nero's torches,
curtain for the Juliusz Słowacki Theatre in Kraków,
curtain for the Lwów Theatre
Henryk Hektor Siemiradzki (24 October 1843 – 23 August 1902) was a Polish painter, best remembered for his monumental Academic art. He was particularly known for his depictions of scenes from the ancient Graeco-Roman world and the New Testament, owned by national galleries of Poland, Russia and Ukraine.
Many of his paintings depict scenes from antiquity, often the sunlit pastoral scenes or compositions presenting the lives of early Christians. He also painted biblical and historical scenes, landscapes, and portraits. His best-known works include monumental curtains for the Lviv (Lwów) Theatre of Opera and for the Juliusz Słowacki Theatre in Kraków (below).
Siemiradzki was born to a Polish noble szlachta family of an officer (since 1871 a General) of the Imperial Russian Army, Hipolit Siemiradzki, and Michalina (née Prószyńska) in the village of Bilhorod (Białogród), or Novobelgorod (now Pechenegi, sources vary) near the city of Kharkov in the Russian Empire, where his father's regiment was stationed. The family had origins in Radom land and derived its name from the village of Siemiradz. One of the branches settled in the late 17th century near Navahrudak (Nowogródek). Henryk's grandfather held the post of podkomorzy in Nowogródek powiat. His parents were close friends with Adam Mickiewicz's family. He studied at Kharkov Gymnasium where he first learned painting under the local school teacher, D.I. Besperchy, former student of Karl Briullov. He entered the Physics-Mathematics School of Kharkov University and studied natural sciences there with great interest, but also continued to paint.
Siemiradzki's artistic career
After graduating from the University with the degree of Kandidat he abandoned his scientific career and moved to Saint Petersburg to study painting at the Imperial Academy of Arts in the years 1864–1870. Upon his graduation he was awarded a gold medal. In 1870–1871 he studied under Karl von Piloty in Munich on a grant from the Academy. In 1872 he moved to Rome and with time, built a studio there on Via Gaeta, while spending summers at his estate in Strzałkowo near Częstochowa in Poland.
In 1873 he received the title of Academician of the Imperial Academy of Arts for his painting Christ and a Sinner, based on a verse from Tolstoy. In 1878 he received the French National Order of the Legion of Honour and a Gold Medal of the Paris World's fair for the painting Flower vase. In 1876–1879 Siemiradzki worked on frescoes for the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (Moscow) among his other large-scale projects. In 1879 he offered one of his best-known works, the enormous Pochodnie Nerona (Nero's torches), painted around 1876, to the newly formed Polish National Museum. The artwork is on display at the Siemiradzki Room of the Sukiennice Museum in the Kraków Old Town, the most popular branch of the museum today. Around 1893 Siemiradzki worked on two large paintings for the State Historical Museum (Moscow) and in 1894 produced his monumental curtain for the Juliusz Słowacki Theatre in Kraków.
Siemiradzki's monumental paintings
Henryk Siemiradzki's large-scale canvasses, influenced by the French Académie des Beaux-Arts, are on display at the national museums of Poland, Russia and Ukraine; notably, at the Sukiennice Museum, the National Museum, Poznań, Lviv National Art Gallery, Tretyakov Gallery and others.
Nero's torches, 1877
Night on the eve of Ivan Kupala, 1880s
Burial of a Varangian Chieftain, 1883
Christian Dirce, 1897
The Talisman, 1880s
Christ and Samaritan, 1890
Phryne at the Poseidonia in Eleusis, 1889
Curtain for the Lviv Theatre of Opera and Ballet
Notes and references
- Henryk Siemiradzki. Selection of Works with Biography and Index, at Artyzm.com. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
- Ewa Micke-Broniarek, Henryk Siemiradzki. Magazine "Culture.pl". National Museum, Warsaw, December 2004.
- Mgr. Paweł Dudek, Henryk Siemiradzki, including Bibliography. Jan Długosz University, 2011 Histmag.org
- Tomasz Rozum, Henryk Hektor Siemiradzki. Magazyn INFORMATOR. No. 89, 2006.
- Paweł Klimow "Jest on, rzecz jasna, Polakiem i Polakiem pozostanie".* Kilka uwag do biografii Henryka Siemiradzkiego. "Nacjonalizm w sztuce i historii sztuki 1789-1950". Instytut Sztuki PAN. 1998. p. 129.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Henryk Siemiradzki.|
- Online gallery of Semiradsky paintings
- Works and Bio (Russian)
- Bio (Russian)
- Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Siemiradzki, Henryk". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
- "Siemiradzki, Henryk". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.